Fall in energy production in the Middle East in 2020
World energy production fell by 3.5% in 2020, after 3 years of steady growth (+2.4%/year)
The COVID-19 had a tremendous impact on global energy demand and hence on energy production. 2020 Key data for energy production are as follows: - Crude oil: -6.1% driven by the global fall in the demand for oil products (transport restrictions and lower industrial demand) that prompted the OPEC+ to cut crude oil production by 9.7 mb/d between May and July 2020. - Gas: -2.5% with a stagnation of US gas production, and a drop in Russia and most producing countries (excepted Australia, China, Iran and Saudi Arabia) - Coal: -4.5%, with growth in China (+1.4%) and India (+1.2%) offset by drops in most of producing countries (Indonesia, United States, Australia, Russia, and South Africa) - Electricity: -0.6%, with growth in China (+3.7%) and declines in most countries Energy production grew in China, India (coal production), Brazil (significant growth in oil production), and South Korea (nuclear, hydropower and renewable power generation). On the contrary, energy production fell in the United States (especially coal), in Russia (lower oil production), in Canada (fall in oil and gas production), in Indonesia (strong decline in coal and gas production) and in Australia (lower coal production) and it continued to decline at an accelerated pace in the EU (especially coal production in Germany and Poland). In the Middle East, energy production fell noticeably (mainly oil and gas production) as the global downturn reduced oil and gas demand, leading Saudi Arabia and other OPEC+ members to implement historic cuts in crude oil production in 2020. As well, energy production declined in Latin America (fall in coal production in Colombia and new production decrease in Venezuela), and in Africa (strong drops in Nigeria, Algeria and Egypt).
According to Brazil's National Electric Energy Agency (ANEEL), the installed wind capacity in Brazil has just reached the 20 GW milestone, from 17.1 GW at the end of 2020. More than 750 wind parks are operational in Brazil, and 90% of the installed wind capacity is located in the Northeast region.
According to the Ministry of Power, India has reduced its peak power deficit from 16.6% in financial year (FY) 2007-2008 to 0.4% in FY 2020-2021 (-16.2% points). Indeed, the country's power peak deficit fell from 18 GW in 2007-2008 to 0.8 GW in 2020-2021. Since 2008, India has installed over 240 GW of power capacity, including 139 GW of coal (58% of the total), 37 GW of solar (16%), and 28 GW of wind (12%). Over the same period, the country's electrification rate increased from 72% to 95% (+23% points).
According to Statistics Norway, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the country declined by 3.5% in 2020 to 49.3 MtCO2eq (-1.8 MtCO2eq) thanks to a reduction in emissions from oil and gas extraction (-5%, i.e. -722 ktCO2eq), in air traffic (-32%, i.e. -356 ktCO2eq), and in road transport (-4%, i.e. -346 ktCO2eq, due to travel restriction, home office and the increasing share of electric cars and rechargeable hybrid vehicles). Overall, Norway’s GHG emissions in 2020 stood 4.2% below their 1990 levels.
According to Ireland's Environmental Protection Agency, the country's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions decreased by 3.6% in 2020 to 58 MtCO2eq. The decrease in emissions is reflected in most sectors with the exception of increases in residential, agriculture and public services. In the energy sector, GHG emissions fell by 7.9% (-0.74 MtCO2eq), as peat-fired power generation halved and renewable power generation increased noticeably (+15% from wind), covering 42% of the Irish power mix. Residential emissions grew by 9% (+0.59 MtCO2eq), as a result of colder temperatures, historic low oil prices (impacting heating choices), and home working. Emissions from transports fell by nearly 16% (-1.9 MtCO2eq) due to transport restrictions. Overall, Ireland's GHG emissions are still only 7% below 2005 level. The country committed under an EU agreement known as the Effort Sharing Decision to cut GHG emissions by 20% between 2005 and 2020.