Breakdown by country (bcm)



First decline in US gas consumption since 2009.

Asia and Russia pull natural gas consumption upwards (3%)

Global gas demand that had been rising since 2014 accelerated in 2017, spurred by Asia, which accounted for 1/3 of the additional demand. China was the largest contributor to the increase in gas consumption, in line with its coal-to-gas substitution policy. Economic growth also helped gas demand increase in India, Japan and South Korea (low nuclear availability for these two countries).
Economic recovery and higher heating needs gave a boost to Russian gas demand, which accounted for nearly ¼ of the additional demand worldwide.
Gas consumption also continued to grow at a steady pace in the Middle-East, especially in Iran and Saudi Arabia, and in Africa, mainly in Egypt (rise in domestic production) and in Nigeria.
Improved economic conditions and lower nuclear and hydropower availability in Europe contributed to raise European gas consumption again, especially in Germany and in southern Europe (Turkey, Italy, Spain, and Portugal). It declined in the United Kingdom over milder temperature and fierce competition from renewables in power generation.
In North America, gas consumption posted its first drop in seven years the United States, due to the lower electricity demand, competition from renewable power sources and relatively high hydropower generation, whereas it surged in Canada.

Global Energy Trends, 2018 edition

Based on its 2017 data for G20 countries, Enerdata analyses the trends in the world energy markets.

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US renewable power generation has doubled since 2008

According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), US renewable power generation achieved a new record of 742 TWh in 2018, which is almost twice the amount of 382 TWh produced in 2008. In total, renewables provided 17.6% of the US power generation in 2018 and 90% of the increase over the 2008-2018 period came from wind and solar power plants, since conventional hydroelectric capacity remained relatively stable (+2% since 2008, reaching 292 TWh in 2018, i.e. 6.9% of the US power mix).


Iran inaugurates phases 13 and 22-24 of South Pars gas field

Iran has officially inaugurated four new phases of the South Pars offshore gas field, i.e. phases 13, 22, 23 and 24. A total of US$11bn were invested in the four mega projects, which will add 56 mcm/d of gas, 75,000 bbl/d of gas condensate and 400 t/d of sulfur and will enable to produce 1 Mt/year of ethane and 1 Mt/year of propane and butane.


US natural gas production rose by 11% in 2018

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US natural gas production reached new highs in 2018, increasing by 11%. Gas production measured as marketed production and dry natural gas production have also reached new highs. As expected, gas exports also increased by 14% to 102 bcm, with LNG exports surging by 53%. The United States continued to be a net gas exporter in 2018, as in 2017 when the country exported more gas than it imported for the first time in nearly 60 years.


Gazprom's natural gas production rose by 5.7% in 2018 (Russia)

Russian state-owned gas group Gazprom produced nearly 498 bcm (+5.7%) of natural gas in 2018. The third gas production facility at Bovanenkovskoye, the main field in the Yamal Peninsula with gas reserves totalling 4,900 bcm, went onstrem in 2018 and reached its design production capacity of 115 bcm (production capacity of 317 mcm/d in winter).