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Natural gas domestic consumption

Gas consumption declined by 1.4% in 2020, with a sharper drop in OECD countries (-2.5%)

Natural gas domestic consumption

Gas consumption declined by 1.4% in 2020, with a sharper drop in OECD countries (-2.5%)

Breakdown by country (bcm)
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World

Trend over 1990 - 2020 - bcm

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% in total consumption (2020) - Mtoe

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+3%


Dynamic demand in the Middle East

Gas consumption declined by 1.4% in 2020, with a sharper drop in OECD countries (-2.5%)

Global gas consumption decreased by 1.4% in 2020, though at a slower rate than other types of fossil energies In the USA, the largest gas consumer, it decreased by 1.3% in 2020. The gas consumption is however on an upward trend over the last decade due to fuel switching from coal, especially in power generation. Despite the pandemic, natural gas consumption increased by 7.2% in China. Consumption fell in the EU (-3.2%), especially in France (-7.3%) and Italy (-4.4%), and in producing countries such as Russia, Australia, Algeria and Egypt. It continued to decline in Japan due to a lower demand from the power sector (lower electricity consumption and increased competition from nuclear reactors and renewables). Gas consumption rebounded in South Korea (+1.1% after -3.1% in 2019) Gas consumption declined in Latin America (-7.8%) with significant drops in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico.

Global Energy Trends - 2021 Edition

Consolidated 2020 energy and emissions statistics with 2021 estimates, including COVID-19 impact and structural changes.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all gas states and sources: natural, manufactured and LNG. Access to the whole gas value chain information: reserves, production, trade, LNG liquefaction capacities, prices, consumption per sector and indicators.

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18

May

Iran exported 17 bcm of natural gas in the past year (March 2021-March 2022), according to the National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC), including 7.3 bcm to Iraq (43%) and 3.3 bcm to Turkey (19%). Around 98% of cities and 85% of villages in the country are connected to the natural gas transmission network. In 2020, Iran exported 11.3 bcm of natural gas and Iraq sourced 100% of its natural gas imports from Iran, totalling 5.7 bcm in 2020.

28

Apr

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) rose by 7.3% in 2021, due to higher emissions from the power sector, industry and aviation; however, they remain below their 2019 levels.

21

Apr

India's crude oil production declined by 2.7% in the fiscal year 2021-2022 (April 2021 to March 2022) to 29.7 Mt, in line with the recent decrease in oil production due to ageing fields. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) produced 19.45 Mt of crude oil (-3.6%). With the economic recovery, refineries processed 242 Mt of crude oil in the fiscal year 2021-2022 (+9%), producing 254 Mt of petroleum products (+8.9%). In addition, natural gas output rose by 18.7% to 34 bcm in the fiscal year 2021-2022.

19

Apr

US greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (including LULUCF) declined by 11% in 2020 to 5,222 MtCO2eq, i.e., 21% below 2005 levels, according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency. This was driven by an 11% decrease in CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion, primarily due to a 13% drop in transportation emissions driven by lower demand owing to the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, power sector emissions also fell by 10%, reflecting both a slight decline in demand from the COVID-19 pandemic and a continued shift from coal to natural gas and renewables. In 2020, CO2 accounted for 79% of total emissions, followed by methane (11%), nitrous oxide (7%) and fluorinated gases (3%). Transport is the largest emitter sector (27%), followed by electricity (25%), industry (24%), commercial and residential (13%) and agriculture (11%).