Dynamic demand in the USA and the EU.
Global gas consumption continued to rise in 2019 (+2.6%), though at a slower rate than in 2018 (record year with +5.1%).
In the USA, the largest gas consumer, it grew by 3.1% in 2019, thanks to lower prices and new gas-fired capacity in the power sector. The growth was uneven, with 7% in the power sector but a rather flat consumption in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors.
In China, the economic slowdown and the relaxation of policy on coal-to-gas switching contributed to halve the growth in gas consumption (+8.6%).
Consumption grew in the EU (+3.1%), as demand recovered in Spain, Germany and Italy, and in producing countries such as Russia, Australia, Iran, Algeria and Egypt.
In Asia, it continued to decline in Japan and in South Korea, due to a lower demand from the power sector (lower electricity consumption and increased competition from nuclear reactors and renewables).
Gas consumption remained stable in Latin America with slight declines in Brazil and Argentina and a 4.4% growth in Mexico.
According to the Swiss government, final energy consumption in Switzerland slightly increased in 2019 (+0.3%) due to cooler temperatures, economic growth (+0.9%), demographic growth (+0.7%) and increasing fleet of motor vehicles (+0.8%). This rising trend was offset by continued energy efficiency and substitution effects.
According to preliminary figures from Citepa, France’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 0.9% in 2019, from 445 MtCO2eq in 2018 to 441 MtCO2eq in 2019. This is due to a decline in GHG emissions from the residential and tertiary sector (-2.7%, i.e. -2.2 MtCO2eq, with a 2.3% drop for households and a 3.2% decline for services), in the energy sector (-0.7%, including -1.5% for power generation), and in waste processing (-2.2%). In 2019, CO2 emissions dipped by 1%, from 331.5 Mt to 328.2 Mt (-3.3 Mt), while methane emissions contracted by 0.7% (-0.4 MtCO2eq).
According to Statistics Norway, Norwegian greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions fell by 2.1% to 51 MtCO2eq in 2019, the fourth year of decline in a row, thanks to reduced fuel consumption in the transport sector (-7.7%) and a drop in emission from oil and gas extraction (-1.7% to 13.9 MtCO2eq). However, emissions in the industry and mining sector grew by 1.9% to 12.2 MtCO2eq. Overall, Norway’s GHG emissions in 2019 stood 1% below their 1990 levels.
According to Solar Heat Worldwide, the cumulated solar thermal capacity operational at the end of 2019 reached 479 GWth, corresponding to an annual solar thermal energy yield of 389 TWh. This represents savings of 135.1 Mt of CO2. In 2019, new installations in the global solar thermal market declined by 6% (+606 MWth), due to fewer collector additions in China. At the end of 2019, 58% of the installed solar thermal capacity was located in Europe, followed by Asia (35%, with China accounting for 24% of the global capacity) and the Middle-East North Africa region.