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Natural gas domestic consumption

Gas consumption declined by 1.4% in 2020, with a sharper drop in OECD countries (-2.5%)

Natural gas domestic consumption

Gas consumption declined by 1.4% in 2020, with a sharper drop in OECD countries (-2.5%)

Breakdown by country (bcm)
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World

Trend over 1990 - 2020 - bcm

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% in total consumption (2020) - Mtoe

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+3%


Dynamic demand in the Middle East

Gas consumption declined by 1.4% in 2020, with a sharper drop in OECD countries (-2.5%)

Global gas consumption decreased by 1.4% in 2020, though at a slower rate than other types of fossil energies In the USA, the largest gas consumer, it decreased by 1.3% in 2020. The gas consumption is however on an upward trend over the last decade due to fuel switching from coal, especially in power generation. Despite the pandemic, natural gas consumption increased by 7.2% in China. Consumption fell in the EU (-3.2%), especially in France (-7.3%) and Italy (-4.4%), and in producing countries such as Russia, Australia, Algeria and Egypt. It continued to decline in Japan due to a lower demand from the power sector (lower electricity consumption and increased competition from nuclear reactors and renewables). Gas consumption rebounded in South Korea (+1.1% after -3.1% in 2019) Gas consumption declined in Latin America (-7.8%) with significant drops in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico.

Global Energy Trends - 2021 Edition

Consolidated 2020 energy and emissions statistics with 2021 estimates, including COVID-19 impact and structural changes.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all gas states and sources: natural, manufactured and LNG. Access to the whole gas value chain information: reserves, production, trade, LNG liquefaction capacities, prices, consumption per sector and indicators.

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21

Jan

According to Trade Statistics of Japan, Japanese LNG imports declined by 0.2% in 2021 to 74 Mt. In 2020, Japan was the world's largest LNG importer, accounting for around 20% of global imports. However, LNG imports have been declining since 2017 and are now estimated to be lower than China's LNG imports, that grew by nearly 19% in 2021 according to preliminary statistics, making China the largest LNG importer worldwide in 2021.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 22.1% of the European Union's gross final energy consumption in 2020, compared to 17.4% in 2015, according to Eurostat. The regional bloc targeted 20% of renewables in gross final energy consumption by 2020. Sweden had by far the highest share among the EU Member States in 2020 (60.1%), followed by Finland (43.8%), Latvia (42.1%), Austria (36.5%) and Portugal (34%). The lowest proportions of renewables were recorded in Malta (10.7%), Luxembourg (11.7%), Belgium (13%) and Hungary (13.9%). France was the only country that missed its 2020 national goal for renewables of 23% with 19.1%. In addition, the share of renewables in electricity consumption rose to 37.5% in 2020 in the EU; they accounted for 23.1% of total energy use for heating and cooling and for 10.2% for transport.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 13% of Argentina's power mix in 2021, compared to 10% in 2020, according to the country's Secretary of Energy. Argentina commissioned 26 large-scale renewable projects in 2021, adding 1,005 MW to its national grid. New capacity additions in 2021, which increased by 24% compared to 2020, were mostly wind (42%), bioenergy (31%), solar photovoltaic (PV) (15%) and small hydro (12%); they represented 97% of the new capacity additions in 2021.

18

Jan

Renewables accounted for 11.5% of Indonesia's energy mix in 2021, according to the country's Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM). Indonesia was expected to reach a 14.5% target of renewables in its energy mix by 2021 as in its National General Energy Planning (RUEN) roadmap for that year. The national energy policy revision (Regulation No. 79/2014) sets a target of 23% of renewables in the total primary energy supply by 2025 (excluding traditional biomass). In addition, Indonesia added only 655 MW of renewables capacity in 2021, compared to an objective of 855 MW.