Breakdown by country (bcm)



Major increase in gas consumption in the US (half of world increase).

The United States and China pulled worldwide natural gas consumption upwards (+5%)

Global gas consumption accelerated in 2018, spurred by the US and China, which accounted for around two thirds of the additional consumption. US gas demand grew by 10% in 2018, the highest growth seen in the past 30 years, spurred by the power sector (+15 GW of new gas-fired power plants) and by buildings.
Gas consumption also accelerated in China (+18%) in line with its coal-to-gas substitution policy in the power and heating sector. Growth was also seen in India and South Korea thanks to sustained economic growth. However, consumption declined in Japan, as the restart of nuclear reactors reduced the needs for gas-fired power generation.
Gas consumption also continued to grow steadily in Russia (though at a slower pace than in 2017) and accelerated in Canada, Iran and Algeria.
Despite the economic growth, gas consumption declined in Europe – especially in Turkey, France, Germany and Italy – owing to higher temperatures, improved nuclear and hydropower availability as well as rising renewable power generation.

Global Energy Trends, 2019 edition

Based on its 2018 data for G20 countries, Enerdata analyses the trends in the world energy markets.

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US LNG exports reach 119 mcm/d in the first five months of 2019

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US LNG exports have been rising steadily since 2017, to 4.7 bcf/d (133 mcm/d) in May 2019. The recent LNG exports level makes the United States the third-largest LNG exporter in the first five months of the year with an average of 4.2 bcf/d (119 mcm/d), over the January-May 2019 period. The United States expects to remain the third-largest LNG exporter in the world in 2019-2020, behind Australia and Qatar.


Iran's renewable power capacity reached 760 MW in July 2019

According to the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Organization of Iran (also known as SATBA), Iran's installed renewable power capacity reached 760 MW in July 2019. Most of this renewable capacity consists of solar PV (330 MW) and wind (300 MW). Currently, there are 115 renewable power plants operational in the country and another 32 facilities under construction, which will add 380 MW. According to the Energy Ministry of Iran, renewables have attracted more than IRR124,000bn (US$2.9bn) of investment in recent years and now cover nearly 1% of the power mix, allowing Iran to reduce its gas consumption by 1 bcm/year so far.


17 GW of US coal-fired power capacity will be retired by 2025

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), operators of coal-fired power plants announced the retirement of 546 coal-fired power units totalling 102 GW of capacity between 2010 and the first quarter of 2019. The majority of retirements came in 2015, with 15 GW (mostly 130 MW units with 56 years of operation), followed by 2018 with 13 GW (mostly 350 MW units with 46 years of operation). Another 17 GW of coal-fired capacity will be retired in the United States by the end of 2025, including 7 GW by the end of 2019.


India's renewable power capacity reaches 80 GW

According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) of India, renewable power capacity in India has exceeded the 80 GW mark, with 80,460 MW of renewable capacity operational as of 30 June 2019, including 29,550 MW of solar capacity and 36,370 MW of wind power capacity. In addition, power purchase agreements (PPAs) have already been signed for an additional 9.2 GW of solar power projects.

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