The share of solar and wind in the power mix of the United Arab Emirates tripled in 2019.
In 2019, the share of wind and solar in the global power mix rose by 1.1pts, as renewable power generation continued to grow at a high pace (+12% for wind and +24% for solar), while thermal – especially coal-fired – power generation declined. Offshore wind power generation increased by 20%, driven by a surge in Belgium, Germany and the UK, which commissioned 5.5 GW of offshore wind capacity over the past two years.
Falling costs and ambitious renewable policies contributed to accelerate wind and solar capacity additions (+60 GW and +97 GW, respectively). They boosted the share of wind and solar in China (wind and solar generation grew by 10% and 31% respectively, to nearly 9% of the power mix), the USA (+9% and 15%, respectively, to nearly 10% of the power mix), the EU, Japan, India, Australia and Latin America (strong momentum in Chile, Brazil, Mexico and Argentina). Wind and solar technologies are progressing in Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, despite a still modest share. They remain marginal in Africa and in fossil fuel producing areas (CIS and the Middle East).
According to the European Commission, primary energy consumption declined by 0.7% in 2018 (-0.1% only for final energy consumption), which is insufficient to meet the 2020 targets. The highest annual reductions in primary energy consumption were posted in Belgium, Austria and Greece, whereas the largest increases were observed in Estonia, Latvia and Luxembourg. Between 2005 and 2018, primary energy consumption decreased in all Member States except Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia and Poland. Primary energy intensity fell in all Member States between 2005 and 2018; however, it grew in Denmark, Estonia and Luxemburg in recent years (between 2015 and 2018).
According to the Swiss government, final energy consumption in Switzerland slightly increased in 2019 (+0.3%) due to cooler temperatures, economic growth (+0.9%), demographic growth (+0.7%) and increasing fleet of motor vehicles (+0.8%). This rising trend was offset by continued energy efficiency and substitution effects.
According to preliminary figures from Citepa, France’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 0.9% in 2019, from 445 MtCO2eq in 2018 to 441 MtCO2eq in 2019. This is due to a decline in GHG emissions from the residential and tertiary sector (-2.7%, i.e. -2.2 MtCO2eq, with a 2.3% drop for households and a 3.2% decline for services), in the energy sector (-0.7%, including -1.5% for power generation), and in waste processing (-2.2%). In 2019, CO2 emissions dipped by 1%, from 331.5 Mt to 328.2 Mt (-3.3 Mt), while methane emissions contracted by 0.7% (-0.4 MtCO2eq).
According to Statistics Norway, Norwegian greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions fell by 2.1% to 51 MtCO2eq in 2019, the fourth year of decline in a row, thanks to reduced fuel consumption in the transport sector (-7.7%) and a drop in emission from oil and gas extraction (-1.7% to 13.9 MtCO2eq). However, emissions in the industry and mining sector grew by 1.9% to 12.2 MtCO2eq. Overall, Norway’s GHG emissions in 2019 stood 1% below their 1990 levels.