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Share of wind and solar in electricity production

The share of wind and solar energy is growing rapidly and steadily (+1.2pt in 2020) reaching 9.5%

Share of wind and solar in electricity production

The share of wind and solar energy is growing rapidly and steadily (+1.2pt in 2020) reaching 9.5%

Breakdown by country (%)
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World

Trend over 1990 - 2020 - %

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% in electricity production (2020) - %

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15%


The share of solar and wind in Australia’s power mix grew by 2.9 points in 2020

The share of wind and solar energy is growing rapidly and steadily (+1.2pt in 2020) reaching 9.5%

In 2020, the share of wind and solar in the global power mix rose by 1.2 pts, as renewable power generation continued to grow at a high pace (+12% for wind and +20% for solar), while thermal – especially coal-fired – and nuclear power generation declined. Offshore wind power generation increased by 16%, driven by a surge in the UK, China, Germany and Belgium. These four countries commissioned nearly 20 GW of offshore wind capacity over the past 5 years (nearly 90% of global additions over this period). The COVID-19 pandemic and the related economic downturn failed to derail renewable installations, which hit records in 2020, with over 126 GW of new solar capacity and nearly 112 GW of new wind capacity added globally. China alone accounted for 65% of wind additions (72 GW) and for 39% of solar additions (49 GW), raising its wind and solar generation by 16% and 21%, respectively, to nearly 10% of its power mix. Falling costs and ambitious renewable policies continued to support the growth of wind and solar in the USA (+13% and 18%, respectively, to over 11% of the power mix), the EU (+2.7 pts to 20% of the power mix), Japan, India, Australia, South Korea, Brazil and Mexico. Wind and solar technologies are progressing in Russia and Saudi Arabia, despite a still marginal share. They also remain marginal in Africa (despite a growing share in Egypt and South Africa) and in fossil fuel producing areas (CIS and the Middle East), even if rising rapidly in the United Arab Emirates.

Global Energy Trends - 2021 Edition

Consolidated 2020 energy and emissions statistics with 2021 estimates, including COVID-19 impact and structural changes.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

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21

Jan

According to Trade Statistics of Japan, Japanese LNG imports declined by 0.2% in 2021 to 74 Mt. In 2020, Japan was the world's largest LNG importer, accounting for around 20% of global imports. However, LNG imports have been declining since 2017 and are now estimated to be lower than China's LNG imports, that grew by nearly 19% in 2021 according to preliminary statistics, making China the largest LNG importer worldwide in 2021.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 22.1% of the European Union's gross final energy consumption in 2020, compared to 17.4% in 2015, according to Eurostat. The regional bloc targeted 20% of renewables in gross final energy consumption by 2020. Sweden had by far the highest share among the EU Member States in 2020 (60.1%), followed by Finland (43.8%), Latvia (42.1%), Austria (36.5%) and Portugal (34%). The lowest proportions of renewables were recorded in Malta (10.7%), Luxembourg (11.7%), Belgium (13%) and Hungary (13.9%). France was the only country that missed its 2020 national goal for renewables of 23% with 19.1%. In addition, the share of renewables in electricity consumption rose to 37.5% in 2020 in the EU; they accounted for 23.1% of total energy use for heating and cooling and for 10.2% for transport.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 13% of Argentina's power mix in 2021, compared to 10% in 2020, according to the country's Secretary of Energy. Argentina commissioned 26 large-scale renewable projects in 2021, adding 1,005 MW to its national grid. New capacity additions in 2021, which increased by 24% compared to 2020, were mostly wind (42%), bioenergy (31%), solar photovoltaic (PV) (15%) and small hydro (12%); they represented 97% of the new capacity additions in 2021.

18

Jan

Renewables accounted for 11.5% of Indonesia's energy mix in 2021, according to the country's Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM). Indonesia was expected to reach a 14.5% target of renewables in its energy mix by 2021 as in its National General Energy Planning (RUEN) roadmap for that year. The national energy policy revision (Regulation No. 79/2014) sets a target of 23% of renewables in the total primary energy supply by 2025 (excluding traditional biomass). In addition, Indonesia added only 655 MW of renewables capacity in 2021, compared to an objective of 855 MW.