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Share of wind and solar in electricity production

The share of wind and solar energy is growing rapidly and steadily (+1.2pt in 2020) reaching 9.5%

Share of wind and solar in electricity production

The share of wind and solar energy is growing rapidly and steadily (+1.2pt in 2020) reaching 9.5%

Breakdown by country (%)

Trend over 1990 - 2020 - %


% in electricity production (2020) - %



The share of solar and wind in Australia’s power mix grew by 2.9 points in 2020

The share of wind and solar energy is growing rapidly and steadily (+1.2pt in 2020) reaching 9.5%

In 2020, the share of wind and solar in the global power mix rose by 1.2 pts, as renewable power generation continued to grow at a high pace (+12% for wind and +20% for solar), while thermal – especially coal-fired – and nuclear power generation declined. Offshore wind power generation increased by 16%, driven by a surge in the UK, China, Germany and Belgium. These four countries commissioned nearly 20 GW of offshore wind capacity over the past 5 years (nearly 90% of global additions over this period). The COVID-19 pandemic and the related economic downturn failed to derail renewable installations, which hit records in 2020, with over 126 GW of new solar capacity and nearly 112 GW of new wind capacity added globally. China alone accounted for 65% of wind additions (72 GW) and for 39% of solar additions (49 GW), raising its wind and solar generation by 16% and 21%, respectively, to nearly 10% of its power mix. Falling costs and ambitious renewable policies continued to support the growth of wind and solar in the USA (+13% and 18%, respectively, to over 11% of the power mix), the EU (+2.7 pts to 20% of the power mix), Japan, India, Australia, South Korea, Brazil and Mexico. Wind and solar technologies are progressing in Russia and Saudi Arabia, despite a still marginal share. They also remain marginal in Africa (despite a growing share in Egypt and South Africa) and in fossil fuel producing areas (CIS and the Middle East), even if rising rapidly in the United Arab Emirates.

Global Energy Trends - 2021 Edition

Consolidated 2020 energy and emissions statistics with 2021 estimates, including COVID-19 impact and structural changes.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

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According to Ireland's Environmental Protection Agency, the country's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions decreased by 3.6% in 2020 to 58 MtCO2eq. The decrease in emissions is reflected in most sectors with the exception of increases in residential, agriculture  and public services. In the energy sector, GHG emissions fell by 7.9% (-0.74 MtCO2eq), as peat-fired power generation halved and renewable power generation increased noticeably (+15% from wind), covering 42% of the Irish power mix. Residential emissions grew by 9% (+0.59 MtCO2eq), as a result of colder temperatures, historic low oil prices (impacting heating choices), and home working. Emissions from transports fell by nearly 16% (-1.9 MtCO2eq) due to transport restrictions. Overall, Ireland's GHG emissions are still only 7% below 2005 level. The country committed under an EU agreement known as the Effort Sharing Decision to cut GHG emissions by 20% between 2005 and 2020.



According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), 6.1 GW of offshore wind capacity was installed in 2020 (down from 6.2 GW in 2019), including 3 GW in China, 1.5 GW in the Netherlands, and 0.7 GW in Belgium. More than 35 GW of offshore wind capacity is currently operational, with 29% of the total in the UK, 28% in China and 22% in Germany.



South Africa’s total greenhouse gas emissions excluding FOLU (forestry and other land use) increased by 14% between 2000 and 2017 to 513 MtCO2eq, according to the country’s 7th National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventory Report. The energy sector is the largest contributor to emissions excluding FOLU (80%) and is responsible for 97% of the increase over 2000-2017. Energy industries were responsible for 61% of emissions from the energy sector in 2017. This was followed by transport (13%), other sectors (9%) and manufacturing industries and construction (7%).



According to the Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation (TEIAŞ), installed wind capacity in Turkey reached the 10 GW threshold in early August 2021. Most of the capacity is located in the Izmir province (1.7 GW), followed by Balıkesir (1,300 MW), Çanakkale (850 MW), Manisa (750 MW), and Istanbul (420 MW). Wind represented 10% of the installed capacity connected to the transmission network (10,010 MW out of 98,800 MW) and over half (51.9 GW) was considered "clean" electricity. In the first half of 2021, wind power accounted for around 9% of the power generation, replacing nearly US$1bn in gas imports.