The share of solar and wind in Australia’s power mix grew by 2.9 points in 2020
The share of wind and solar energy is growing rapidly and steadily (+1.2pt in 2020) reaching 9.5%
In 2020, the share of wind and solar in the global power mix rose by 1.2 pts, as renewable power generation continued to grow at a high pace (+12% for wind and +20% for solar), while thermal – especially coal-fired – and nuclear power generation declined. Offshore wind power generation increased by 16%, driven by a surge in the UK, China, Germany and Belgium. These four countries commissioned nearly 20 GW of offshore wind capacity over the past 5 years (nearly 90% of global additions over this period). The COVID-19 pandemic and the related economic downturn failed to derail renewable installations, which hit records in 2020, with over 126 GW of new solar capacity and nearly 112 GW of new wind capacity added globally. China alone accounted for 65% of wind additions (72 GW) and for 39% of solar additions (49 GW), raising its wind and solar generation by 16% and 21%, respectively, to nearly 10% of its power mix. Falling costs and ambitious renewable policies continued to support the growth of wind and solar in the USA (+13% and 18%, respectively, to over 11% of the power mix), the EU (+2.7 pts to 20% of the power mix), Japan, India, Australia, South Korea, Brazil and Mexico. Wind and solar technologies are progressing in Russia and Saudi Arabia, despite a still marginal share. They also remain marginal in Africa (despite a growing share in Egypt and South Africa) and in fossil fuel producing areas (CIS and the Middle East), even if rising rapidly in the United Arab Emirates.
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According to Brazil's National Electric Energy Agency (ANEEL), the installed wind capacity in Brazil has just reached the 20 GW milestone, from 17.1 GW at the end of 2020. More than 750 wind parks are operational in Brazil, and 90% of the installed wind capacity is located in the Northeast region.
According to the Ministry of Power, India has reduced its peak power deficit from 16.6% in financial year (FY) 2007-2008 to 0.4% in FY 2020-2021 (-16.2% points). Indeed, the country's power peak deficit fell from 18 GW in 2007-2008 to 0.8 GW in 2020-2021. Since 2008, India has installed over 240 GW of power capacity, including 139 GW of coal (58% of the total), 37 GW of solar (16%), and 28 GW of wind (12%). Over the same period, the country's electrification rate increased from 72% to 95% (+23% points).
According to Statistics Norway, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the country declined by 3.5% in 2020 to 49.3 MtCO2eq (-1.8 MtCO2eq) thanks to a reduction in emissions from oil and gas extraction (-5%, i.e. -722 ktCO2eq), in air traffic (-32%, i.e. -356 ktCO2eq), and in road transport (-4%, i.e. -346 ktCO2eq, due to travel restriction, home office and the increasing share of electric cars and rechargeable hybrid vehicles). Overall, Norway’s GHG emissions in 2020 stood 4.2% below their 1990 levels.
According to Ireland's Environmental Protection Agency, the country's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions decreased by 3.6% in 2020 to 58 MtCO2eq. The decrease in emissions is reflected in most sectors with the exception of increases in residential, agriculture and public services. In the energy sector, GHG emissions fell by 7.9% (-0.74 MtCO2eq), as peat-fired power generation halved and renewable power generation increased noticeably (+15% from wind), covering 42% of the Irish power mix. Residential emissions grew by 9% (+0.59 MtCO2eq), as a result of colder temperatures, historic low oil prices (impacting heating choices), and home working. Emissions from transports fell by nearly 16% (-1.9 MtCO2eq) due to transport restrictions. Overall, Ireland's GHG emissions are still only 7% below 2005 level. The country committed under an EU agreement known as the Effort Sharing Decision to cut GHG emissions by 20% between 2005 and 2020.