Increase in Russia's energy intensity in 2017.
Global energy intensity (total energy consumption per unit of GDP) declined by 1.2% in 2017, slightly below its historical trend (-1.5%/year on average between 2000 and 2017 and -1.8% in 2016).
Energy intensity levels and trends differ widely across world regions, reflecting differences in economic structure and energy efficiency achievements.
China posted a significant decrease in its energy intensity, though slower than in 2016, as its energy consumption accelerated in 2017.
The moderate increase in the US energy consumption translated into a new reduction in its energy intensity, that nears the global average.
Energy efficiency improvement continued in the European Union, the region with the lowest energy intensity in the world, though at a slower pace than over the 2000-2017 period.
The energy intensity in the CIS region increased in 2017 due to Russia’s rising energy demand and remains the highest in the world (75% above the global average and 55% above that of Middle-East countries).
The high energy intensity in the CIS, the Middle East, China and other Asian developing countries is mainly explained by the predominance of energy-intensive industries, primary commodity exporting-based economies and low energy prices which do not encourage energy efficiency.
Based on its 2017 data for G20 countries, Enerdata analyses the trends in the world energy markets.Download the publication
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The Italian oil and gas company Eni has signed a cooperation agreement with its Algerian counterpart Sonatrach to tap hydrocarbon resources in the Berkine basin (Algeria). Besides, they also agreed the commercial conditions for the 2018-2019 year in line with the gas market and have started negotiation to look into extending the gas supply shipped from Algeria to Italy beyond the contractual deadline of 2019.
The infrastructure company TransCanada has commissioned the US$1.2bn Topolobampo natural gas pipeline project in northern Mexico, which will ship 670 mcf/d (19 mcm/d or 6.9 bcm/year) to local markets in the states of Chihuahua and Sinaloa.
According to the state-run company Gazprom, exports of Russian gas to non-CIS (Community of Independent States) countries went up by 5.8% between January and June 2018 to reach 108.9 bcm. The largest hikes were reported in Germany (+12.2% or + 3.5 bcm), Austria (+52.3% or + 2.1 bcm), the Netherlands (+61.9% or +1.4 bcm), France (+12.5% or 0.8 bcm), Croatia (+45%, +0.6 bcm) and Poland (+6.7%).
The Indian Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR) has recommended the implementation of a 25% safeguard importation duty on solar cell imports from China and Malaysia for a 2-year period. The proposal has not yet been approved by the government and the duty will start at 25% in the first year, then be reduced to 20% for the first six months of the second year and to 15% in the final six month period. The proposal is very similar to the safeguard duty levied by the United States in January 2018, which set up anti-dumping tariffs on imported solar cells and modules at 30% during the first year and then gradually declining to 15% after a 4-year period.