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CO2 intensity

Slowdown in the reduction in global CO2 intensity in 2020 (-1.3%)

CO2 intensity

Slowdown in the reduction in global CO2 intensity in 2020 (-1.3%)

Breakdown by country (kCO2/$15p)
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World

Trend over 1990 - 2020 - kCO2/$15p

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-5%


Decline in CO2 intensity in the EU in 2020 to 55% of the global average

Slowdown in the reduction in global CO2 intensity in 2020 (-1.3%)

In 2020, the CO2 intensity declined by 1.3%, as the COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the fuel substitution of coal by gas and renewables in the power sector and led to a strong decline in oil consumption in transports. This remains slower than over the 2010-2019 period (-2.3%/year), as the economic downturn also impacted less CO2-intensive sectors such as services. The CO2 intensity decreased significantly in OECD countries (-7.5% in the USA, -5% in the EU, -11% in Canada, -5.4% in South Korea), much faster than over the 2000-2019 period. It slightly declined in China (-0.2%, even if it remains 63% above the global average), in Russia (-2.3%), and in Australia. It also contracted in Latin America (declining trend, especially in Brazil and Mexico) and Africa (declines in Egypt and Algeria but growth in South Africa and Nigeria). The CO2 intensity slightly increased in Asia (+0.5%), though with various trends in countries (growth in India and in Thailand, where the GDP fell by 8%, but declines in Japan and Indonesia). As well, it tended to rise in the Middle East, where the energy intensity (energy consumption per unit of GDP) increased in 2020.

Global Energy Trends - 2021 Edition

Consolidated 2020 energy and emissions statistics with 2021 estimates, including COVID-19 impact and structural changes.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all CO2 emissions from fuel combustion by sector and sources, industrial process, waste, but also on CH4, N2O, PFC, SF6 emissions. Detailed indicators are available by country and by sector.

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06

Jul

According to preliminary statistics from the Indian Ministry of Coal, India’s production of non-coking coal and lignite declined by 1.7% in the fiscal year 2020-21 to 708 Mt, including 671 Mt of non-coking coal (-1%) and 37 Mt of lignite (-12%). Of the total output of non-coking coal, 96% was produced the public sector, including 83% by Coal India Limited (CIL). Most of the lignite was extracted by NLC India Limited (53%). The country imported 164 Mt of non-coking coal in 2020-21 (-17%), mainly from Indonesia (56%), South Africa (19%) and Australia (11%).

02

Jul

Spain’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (including LULUCF) decreased by 13.7% in 2020 to 271.5 MtCO2eq (-6.4% compared to 1990 level), according to preliminary data from the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge (MITECO). This drop is due to an increase renewable electricity generation, the fall in coal use, and activity and mobility limitations associations with the COVID-19 pandemic. CO2 accounted for 78% of total GHG emissions in 2020, followed by methane (14%). Transport represented 28% of total GHG emissions in 2020, followed by industry (21%), agriculture and livestock (14%), electricity generation (10%), households and services (8%) and waste (5%). GHG emissions from installations subject to the EU ETS declined by 18.7% in 2020 compared to 2019. Emissions from diffuse sectors decreased by 10% and those from dometic air transport nearly halved in 2020 (-48%). The LULUCF (Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry) sector is estimated to have removed 13.5% of Spain’s gross GHG emissions (36.6 MtCO2eq).

10

Jun

South Korea’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 7.3% in 2020 to 649 MtCO2eq (i.e. -10.9% compared with the 2018 peak of 729 MtCO2eq). GHG emissions have been driven down by South Korea's energy and industrial sectors (-7.8% and -7.1%, respectively). In the power sector, total emissions decreased by 12.4% due to temporary shutdowns of coal-fired power plants resulting in lower coal-fired power generation and due to an increased renewable power generation. Emissions from the transport sector (included in the energy sector) contracted by 4.1%, owing to reduced travel (COVID-19-related restrictions) and the continuous deployment of low-emission vehicles. Residential emissions grew by only 0.3%, while emissions from business and public sectors fell by 9.9%. In the industrial sector (-7.1%), the reduced activity affected the energy-intensive branches such as chemicals (7.6% drop in GHG emissions), steel (-2.5%) and cement (-8.9%).

01

Jun

Australia's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions dipped by 5% in 2020 (-26.1 MtCO2eq) to 499 MtCO2eq, according to the Australian Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources. GHG emissions from the power sector declined by 4.9% but still accounted for a third of total GHG emissions in Australia. In addition, fugitive emissions (10% of total GHG emissions in 2020) declined by 8.8%, partly due to a lower coal production, and emissions from transport (18% of total GHG emissions in 2020) contracted by 12.1%, because of COVID-19 restrictions. In 2020, Australia's GHG emissions stood 20.1% below their 2005 level (the baseline year for the Paris Agreement). The country has committed to reduce its emissions by 26-28% by 2030 from 2005 levels.