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CO2 intensity

Slowdown in the reduction in global CO2 intensity in 2020 (-1.3%)

CO2 intensity

Slowdown in the reduction in global CO2 intensity in 2020 (-1.3%)

Breakdown by country (kCO2/$15p)
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World

Trend over 1990 - 2020 - kCO2/$15p

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-5%


Decline in CO2 intensity in the EU in 2020 to 55% of the global average

Slowdown in the reduction in global CO2 intensity in 2020 (-1.3%)

In 2020, the CO2 intensity declined by 1.3%, as the COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the fuel substitution of coal by gas and renewables in the power sector and led to a strong decline in oil consumption in transports. This remains slower than over the 2010-2019 period (-2.3%/year), as the economic downturn also impacted less CO2-intensive sectors such as services. The CO2 intensity decreased significantly in OECD countries (-7.5% in the USA, -5% in the EU, -11% in Canada, -5.4% in South Korea), much faster than over the 2000-2019 period. It slightly declined in China (-0.2%, even if it remains 63% above the global average), in Russia (-2.3%), and in Australia. It also contracted in Latin America (declining trend, especially in Brazil and Mexico) and Africa (declines in Egypt and Algeria but growth in South Africa and Nigeria). The CO2 intensity slightly increased in Asia (+0.5%), though with various trends in countries (growth in India and in Thailand, where the GDP fell by 8%, but declines in Japan and Indonesia). As well, it tended to rise in the Middle East, where the energy intensity (energy consumption per unit of GDP) increased in 2020.

Global Energy Trends - 2021 Edition

Consolidated 2020 energy and emissions statistics with 2021 estimates, including COVID-19 impact and structural changes.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all CO2 emissions from fuel combustion by sector and sources, industrial process, waste, but also on CH4, N2O, PFC, SF6 emissions. Detailed indicators are available by country and by sector.

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21

Jan

According to Trade Statistics of Japan, Japanese LNG imports declined by 0.2% in 2021 to 74 Mt. In 2020, Japan was the world's largest LNG importer, accounting for around 20% of global imports. However, LNG imports have been declining since 2017 and are now estimated to be lower than China's LNG imports, that grew by nearly 19% in 2021 according to preliminary statistics, making China the largest LNG importer worldwide in 2021.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 22.1% of the European Union's gross final energy consumption in 2020, compared to 17.4% in 2015, according to Eurostat. The regional bloc targeted 20% of renewables in gross final energy consumption by 2020. Sweden had by far the highest share among the EU Member States in 2020 (60.1%), followed by Finland (43.8%), Latvia (42.1%), Austria (36.5%) and Portugal (34%). The lowest proportions of renewables were recorded in Malta (10.7%), Luxembourg (11.7%), Belgium (13%) and Hungary (13.9%). France was the only country that missed its 2020 national goal for renewables of 23% with 19.1%. In addition, the share of renewables in electricity consumption rose to 37.5% in 2020 in the EU; they accounted for 23.1% of total energy use for heating and cooling and for 10.2% for transport.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 13% of Argentina's power mix in 2021, compared to 10% in 2020, according to the country's Secretary of Energy. Argentina commissioned 26 large-scale renewable projects in 2021, adding 1,005 MW to its national grid. New capacity additions in 2021, which increased by 24% compared to 2020, were mostly wind (42%), bioenergy (31%), solar photovoltaic (PV) (15%) and small hydro (12%); they represented 97% of the new capacity additions in 2021.

18

Jan

Renewables accounted for 11.5% of Indonesia's energy mix in 2021, according to the country's Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM). Indonesia was expected to reach a 14.5% target of renewables in its energy mix by 2021 as in its National General Energy Planning (RUEN) roadmap for that year. The national energy policy revision (Regulation No. 79/2014) sets a target of 23% of renewables in the total primary energy supply by 2025 (excluding traditional biomass). In addition, Indonesia added only 655 MW of renewables capacity in 2021, compared to an objective of 855 MW.