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CO2 intensity

Slowdown in the reduction in global CO2 intensity in 2020 (-1.3%)

CO2 intensity

Slowdown in the reduction in global CO2 intensity in 2020 (-1.3%)

Breakdown by country (kCO2/$15p)
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World

Trend over 1990 - 2020 - kCO2/$15p

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-5%


Decline in CO2 intensity in the EU in 2020 to 55% of the global average

Slowdown in the reduction in global CO2 intensity in 2020 (-1.3%)

In 2020, the CO2 intensity declined by 1.3%, as the COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the fuel substitution of coal by gas and renewables in the power sector and led to a strong decline in oil consumption in transports. This remains slower than over the 2010-2019 period (-2.3%/year), as the economic downturn also impacted less CO2-intensive sectors such as services. The CO2 intensity decreased significantly in OECD countries (-7.5% in the USA, -5% in the EU, -11% in Canada, -5.4% in South Korea), much faster than over the 2000-2019 period. It slightly declined in China (-0.2%, even if it remains 63% above the global average), in Russia (-2.3%), and in Australia. It also contracted in Latin America (declining trend, especially in Brazil and Mexico) and Africa (declines in Egypt and Algeria but growth in South Africa and Nigeria). The CO2 intensity slightly increased in Asia (+0.5%), though with various trends in countries (growth in India and in Thailand, where the GDP fell by 8%, but declines in Japan and Indonesia). As well, it tended to rise in the Middle East, where the energy intensity (energy consumption per unit of GDP) increased in 2020.

Global Energy Trends - 2021 Edition

Consolidated 2020 energy and emissions statistics with 2021 estimates, including COVID-19 impact and structural changes.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all CO2 emissions from fuel combustion by sector and sources, industrial process, waste, but also on CH4, N2O, PFC, SF6 emissions. Detailed indicators are available by country and by sector.

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18

May

Iran exported 17 bcm of natural gas in the past year (March 2021-March 2022), according to the National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC), including 7.3 bcm to Iraq (43%) and 3.3 bcm to Turkey (19%). Around 98% of cities and 85% of villages in the country are connected to the natural gas transmission network. In 2020, Iran exported 11.3 bcm of natural gas and Iraq sourced 100% of its natural gas imports from Iran, totalling 5.7 bcm in 2020.

28

Apr

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) rose by 7.3% in 2021, due to higher emissions from the power sector, industry and aviation; however, they remain below their 2019 levels.

21

Apr

India's crude oil production declined by 2.7% in the fiscal year 2021-2022 (April 2021 to March 2022) to 29.7 Mt, in line with the recent decrease in oil production due to ageing fields. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) produced 19.45 Mt of crude oil (-3.6%). With the economic recovery, refineries processed 242 Mt of crude oil in the fiscal year 2021-2022 (+9%), producing 254 Mt of petroleum products (+8.9%). In addition, natural gas output rose by 18.7% to 34 bcm in the fiscal year 2021-2022.

19

Apr

US greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (including LULUCF) declined by 11% in 2020 to 5,222 MtCO2eq, i.e., 21% below 2005 levels, according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency. This was driven by an 11% decrease in CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion, primarily due to a 13% drop in transportation emissions driven by lower demand owing to the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, power sector emissions also fell by 10%, reflecting both a slight decline in demand from the COVID-19 pandemic and a continued shift from coal to natural gas and renewables. In 2020, CO2 accounted for 79% of total emissions, followed by methane (11%), nitrous oxide (7%) and fluorinated gases (3%). Transport is the largest emitter sector (27%), followed by electricity (25%), industry (24%), commercial and residential (13%) and agriculture (11%).