Contribution of BRICS to the global increase in power consumption between 2010 and 2018.
Most of the growth in global electricity consumption occurred in Asia (almost 80%, with China accounting for nearly 60%). Electricity demand in China accelerated against steady economic growth and industrial demand. Demand also increased in India, South Korea, Japan and Indonesia.
Electricity consumption in the United States, which dipped by 1% in 2017, recovered in 2018 (+2.2%). Most of this increase came from the residential sector (+6.2%), mainly due to an increased electricity consumption for appliances (representing around half of the electricity consumption) and air-conditioning (nearly 90% of US homes use centralised or house individual air conditioners). Economic growth and industrial demand also raised power consumption in Canada, Brazil and in Russia. It also increased in Africa, especially in Egypt, and in the Middle East, spurred by Iran.
As in 2017, electricity consumption remained stable in Europe in 2018: it declined in France and Germany, stagnated in other large countries (UK, Italy, Spain) and it increased in the Netherlands, Poland and Turkey.
According to the Spanish power transmission system operator Red Eléctrica de España (REE), Spain added nearly 6.5 GW of new renewable power capacity in 2019 (6,456 MW), corresponding to a 13% increase in the renewable capacity. During 2019, 93 new solar PV power plants added 3,975 MW, while 86 new wind projects added 2,319 MW and 10 other renewable projects added 162 MW. Most of the new renewable capacity came from auctions held in 2017 (5,689 MW). This strong growth in the renewable capacity contributed to raise Spain's installed capacity by 5.6% at the end of 2019.
According to Eurostat, the share of renewable energy in the gross final energy consumption of the European Union (EU) rose from 17.5% in 2017 to 18% in 2018, progressing towards the target of 20% of renewable energy by 2020 and at least 32% by 2030.
According to the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP), Brazil’s oil production increased by 7.8% in 2019 to reach 1.018 Gbl (2.789 mb/d), including 634 mbl in pre-salt areas. Total gas production also increased significantly during 2019 (+9.5%).
According to preliminary data from the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s fossil fuel production continued to rise in 2019. China’s raw coal production increased by 4.2% in 2019, in line with the continuing of the supply-side structural reform. Coal imports also rose by 6.3%, benefiting from declining prices. The decline in crude oil production since 2015 reversed in 2019, as the major domestic oil fields had a stable production growth trend and crude oil production rose by 0.8%. In addition, crude oil imports rose by 9.5% and inputs to Chinese refineries rose by 7.6%. China's gas production soared by 9.8% in 2019, while imports rose by 6.9%. Finally, power generation increased by 3.5%.