Breakdown by country (Mt)



Decline of oil product consumption in Latin America continues for fourth consecutive year.

Global demand for oil products grew again in 2018, up 0.9%, on expansions in the transport and petrochemical sectors

Increasing demand for oil products pushed consumption upwards in 2018, spurred by petrochemicals, especially in the US and increasing fuel consumption in the transport sector.
Asia accounted for the largest increase in demand, led by China and India (up by 6% and 2.7% respectively), and to a lesser extent by Thailand and Indonesia (decline in Japan). Oil product consumption also grew by 2.5% in the United States (the largest consumer worldwide) mainly driven by industry demand.
Oil product consumption barely increased in Russia (+0.5%) and slightly decreased in the European Union (-0.6%) as industry and transport demand remains flat. Latin America’s oil product consumption, which has been declining since 2014, experienced its biggest drop in 2018 (-3.3%). This was due to declines in Mexico, on decreasing oil production and higher prices, and in Venezuela caused by imposed international sanctions.

Global Energy Trends, 2019 edition

Based on its 2018 data for G20 countries, Enerdata analyses the trends in the world energy markets.

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India's coal-fired power generation fells for the first time in a decade

According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) of India, coal-fired power generation in India declined by around 2.5% in 2019, posting the first decrease in a decade. Meanwhile, the gas-fired power generation also declined by 4.5%. This decrease is explained by a broader economic slowdown reducing electricity demand and a higher competition from renewable power generation and from nuclear in a lesser extent (+6.3% in 2019).


Europe installed more than 15 GW of new wind capacity in 2019

According to WindEurope, Europe’s wind power capacity grew by 8% in 2019, thanks to the installation of 15.4 GW, and reached 205 GW at the end of the year. New installations are 27% higher than in 2018. However, this number needs to double to reach the objectives of the Green Deal. Over 3/4 of new installations were onshore wind (11.7 GW), and 1/4 offshore (3.6 GW). Four countries accounted for 55% of new wind installations: the United Kingdom (+2.4 GW, including almost 1.8 GW of offshore wind), Spain (+2.3 GW), Germany (+2.2 GW, half of which was offshore), and Sweden (+1.6 GW). France installed more than 1 GW of new wind capacity in 2019 (1.3 GW onshore) despite weathers conditions and delays in approvals slowing down constructions.


Africa and the Middle East added 894 MW of wind power capacity in 2019

According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), new installations of wind power capacities in Africa and the Middle East slowed down in 2019, with only 894 MW installed in 2019, compared to 962 MW in 2018 (-7%). Leading countries were Egypt, which installed 262 MW of new capacity, followed by Morocco (216 MW), Jordan (190 MW), Ethiopia (120 MW) and Iran (50 MW).


French electricity consumption reached its lowest level in 10 years in 2019

According to the French power transmission system operator RTE, electricity consumption in France declined by 0.5% in 2019 (including climate corrections), reaching its lowest level in 10 years. This slight decrease is explained by efforts in terms of energy efficiency (in buildings and equipments), by the structural shift in economic activities (towards services activities), and by a slowdown in economic growth, especially at the end of year.

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