Coal and lignite production

Coal production plunged (-6.1%), in line with China’s decline (-9%)

Breakdown by country (Mt)



Drop in coal production in China in 2016.

Coal production plunged (-6.1%), in line with China’s decline (-9%)

China, which represents 44% of world coal and lignite production, recorded a contraction in its production for the third consecutive year. To help support domestic prices, the Chinese Government has implemented measures to reduce coal production capacities including the closure of the most inefficient mines. In addition, the country’s output was also impacted by legislation from April 2016 that has cut coal mine production to a 276-day basis, down from 330 days previously. This measure was, however, eased again during the autumn.
Colombia and Russia, two of the world largest coal exporters, increased their production in the second half of 2016 to supply the international market.
Resulting from the government’s willingness to lower its import dependency, India favoured an increase in its domestic coal output.
Coal production dipped strongly in the USA because of reduced national demand combined with the financial issues facing its main producers, three out of the four largest producers filed for bankruptcy in 2016.

Global Energy Trends, 2017 edition

Based on its 2016 data for G20 countries, Enerdata analyses the trends in the world energy markets.

Download the publication

Global Energy & CO2 Data

Access to the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on energy supply, demand, prices and GHG emissions (186 countries).

Free trial


US oil product exports rose by 12% to reach 5.2 mb/d in 2017

According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), US exports of petroleum product increased by 11.9% in 2017 (+555 kb/d) to reach 5.2 mb/d. The main driver behind the rise is the increase in refinery runs, which reached records in 2017. The 2017 gross refinery inputs stood at 16.9 mb/d in 2017 and the average refinery utilization rate averaged 91%.


Fossil fuels based power generation is constantly decreasing (US)

The United States Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates that the total US net power generation slightly decreased in 2017 (-1.5%) due to the lower electricity demand. Renewable power generation (from hydropower, wind and solar) rose in 2017, reducing conventional thermal power generation: gas-fired power production fell by 7.7% in 2017, while coal-fired power generation dipped by 2.5%. Natural gas remained the most used fuel for the third consecutive year but gas-fired power generation fell by 105 TWh in 2017, the largest annual decline on record. This is the first year since 2008 that both coal and gas-fired power generation decreased in the same year.


The US became net exporter of gas in 2017

According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), the United States exported more natural gas than it imported in 2017, the first time since 1957 that the US has been a net natural gas exporter. The main drivers behind this trend are the growth of domestic natural gas production, that reduced gas imports from Canada (both by pipeline and LNG) and raised gas exports (by pipeline and LNG as well).


Eni starts production at its Ochigufu deep offshore oil project (Angola)

Eni and the state-run oil and gas company of Angola Sonangol have begun to produce oil from the Ochigufu deep offshore project, located in Block 15/06, approximately 150 km west from Soyo (Angola). The asset's early stage will add 25,000 bbl/d to the company's current production levels (around 150,000 bbl/d).