China's energy consumption growth rate.
Global energy consumption grew significantly in 2018, spurred by the sustained economic growth and rising demand in China, the world’s largest energy consumer since 2009. Chinese energy consumption posted its highest growth since 2012, mainly driven by power generation, strong industrial demand and increasing transport fuel consumption encouraged by a growing vehicle fleet.
Total energy consumption in the United States reached a record high of 2.3 Gtoe in 2018, up 3.5% from 2017, partially driven by weather conditions (hot summer, cold winter).
On the contrary, energy consumption decreased in the European Union (-1%) and in particular in Germany (-3.5%) partly due to decreasing consumption in the power sector, a milder winter, reducing consumption, and energy efficiency improvements.
According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) of India, renewable power capacity in India has exceeded the 80 GW mark, with 80,460 MW of renewable capacity operational as of 30 June 2019, including 29,550 MW of solar capacity and 36,370 MW of wind power capacity. In addition, power purchase agreements (PPAs) have already been signed for an additional 9.2 GW of solar power projects.
According to the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) released by the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), energy-related CO2 emissions in the United States are expected to reverse their 2018 trend (+3%) and to decline by 2.2% in 2019. Energy-related CO2 emissions would decrease by 114 Mt in 2019 and most of the drop would come from coal-related emissions (-13%, i.e. -168 Mt); this would be the largest decline in CO2 emissions from coal since 2015. Coal-related CO2 emissions are expected to decline by a further 3.6% in 2020.
According to the latest carbon inventory submitted by the Chinese Ministry of Environment to the United Nations, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in China rose by more than 53% between 2005 and 2014, reaching 12.3 GtCO2eq in 2014. These estimates don't take LULUCF (land use, land use change and forestry) into account: according to the Ministry of Environment, total GHG emissions including LULUCF still would have risen by 17% between 2010 and 2014 to 11.2 GtCO2eq.
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), the installed capacity of utility-scale (above 1 MW) battery energy storage systems (BESS) in the United States could reach 2.5 GW by 2023.