Share of BRICS in the total increase in energy consumption since 2000.
Global energy consumption growth slowed down in 2019 (+0.6%) compared to an average 2%/year over the 2000-2018 period, in a context of slower economic growth.
Energy consumption increased at a slower pace than in previous years in China (+3.2%), the world’s largest consumer since 2009, in Russia (+1.8%) and in India (+0.8% only). It declined in almost all OECD countries, including the USA (-1%), the EU (-1.9%), Japan (-1.6%), Canada and South Korea. Australia was the only exception, posting a 6.3% growth (caused by soaring gas consumption from LNG plants) well above the historical average. Consumption remained dynamic in Indonesia and Algeria, continued to increase in Saudi Arabia, Nigeria and South Africa but declined in Latin America (stable in Brazil and slight decrease in Mexico). US sanctions contributed to reduce Venezuela’s and Iran’s consumption.
According to the Swiss government, final energy consumption in Switzerland slightly increased in 2019 (+0.3%) due to cooler temperatures, economic growth (+0.9%), demographic growth (+0.7%) and increasing fleet of motor vehicles (+0.8%). This rising trend was offset by continued energy efficiency and substitution effects.
According to preliminary figures from Citepa, France’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 0.9% in 2019, from 445 MtCO2eq in 2018 to 441 MtCO2eq in 2019. This is due to a decline in GHG emissions from the residential and tertiary sector (-2.7%, i.e. -2.2 MtCO2eq, with a 2.3% drop for households and a 3.2% decline for services), in the energy sector (-0.7%, including -1.5% for power generation), and in waste processing (-2.2%). In 2019, CO2 emissions dipped by 1%, from 331.5 Mt to 328.2 Mt (-3.3 Mt), while methane emissions contracted by 0.7% (-0.4 MtCO2eq).
According to Statistics Norway, Norwegian greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions fell by 2.1% to 51 MtCO2eq in 2019, the fourth year of decline in a row, thanks to reduced fuel consumption in the transport sector (-7.7%) and a drop in emission from oil and gas extraction (-1.7% to 13.9 MtCO2eq). However, emissions in the industry and mining sector grew by 1.9% to 12.2 MtCO2eq. Overall, Norway’s GHG emissions in 2019 stood 1% below their 1990 levels.
According to Solar Heat Worldwide, the cumulated solar thermal capacity operational at the end of 2019 reached 479 GWth, corresponding to an annual solar thermal energy yield of 389 TWh. This represents savings of 135.1 Mt of CO2. In 2019, new installations in the global solar thermal market declined by 6% (+606 MWth), due to fewer collector additions in China. At the end of 2019, 58% of the installed solar thermal capacity was located in Europe, followed by Asia (35%, with China accounting for 24% of the global capacity) and the Middle-East North Africa region.