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CO2 emissions from fuel combustion

2020 CO2 emissions fell significantly (-4.9%) below their 2012 level

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion

2020 CO2 emissions fell significantly (-4.9%) below their 2012 level

Breakdown by country (MtCO2)
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World

Trend over 1990 - 2020 - MtCO2

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Breakdown by energy (2020) - MtCO2

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-528 Mt


Strong fall in CO2 emissions in the United States in 2020

2020 CO2 emissions fell significantly (-4.9%) below their 2012 level

In 2020, the COVID-19 outbreak had a tremendous impact on CO2 emissions (-4.9%), especially in the first half of the year, when widespread lockdown measures, transport restrictions and the economic slowdown significantly reduced oil consumption in the transport sector. CO2 emissions also contracted in the power sector, owing to a lower electricity demand and to the continued decline in the carbon factor (CO2 emissions per kWh produced), mainly due to fuel switching from coal to gas and the rising share of renewables in the global power mix. Most of the reduction in emissions occurred in the USA (-11%) and Europe (-11%, with significant cuts in Germany, Spain, and the UK), due to a much lower coal-fired power generation and higher CO2 prices in 2020. CO2 emissions also fell in India (-5.5%, due to the lower coal-fired power generation and oil product consumption), Russia and Canada (reduced power generation and strong drop in oil production and consumption), in Japan and South Korea (rising share of renewables in the power mix). They also contracted in Indonesia, in Latin America (especially in Mexico, Brazil and Argentina), in Africa (strong decline in South Africa) and in the Middle East (notably in Saudi Arabia, where oil consumption decreased significantly). On the contrary, CO2 emissions rose for the fourth year in a row in China (+1.6%), due to a rapidly recovering energy demand and a steady coal-fired power generation, despite a new surge in renewable power generation. China accounted for 31% of global CO2 emissions in 2020.

Global Energy Trends - 2021 Edition

Consolidated 2020 energy and emissions statistics with 2021 estimates, including COVID-19 impact and structural changes.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all CO2 emissions from fuel combustion by sector and sources, industrial process, waste, but also on CH4, N2O, PFC, SF6 emissions. Detailed indicators are available by country and by sector.

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21

Jan

According to Trade Statistics of Japan, Japanese LNG imports declined by 0.2% in 2021 to 74 Mt. In 2020, Japan was the world's largest LNG importer, accounting for around 20% of global imports. However, LNG imports have been declining since 2017 and are now estimated to be lower than China's LNG imports, that grew by nearly 19% in 2021 according to preliminary statistics, making China the largest LNG importer worldwide in 2021.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 22.1% of the European Union's gross final energy consumption in 2020, compared to 17.4% in 2015, according to Eurostat. The regional bloc targeted 20% of renewables in gross final energy consumption by 2020. Sweden had by far the highest share among the EU Member States in 2020 (60.1%), followed by Finland (43.8%), Latvia (42.1%), Austria (36.5%) and Portugal (34%). The lowest proportions of renewables were recorded in Malta (10.7%), Luxembourg (11.7%), Belgium (13%) and Hungary (13.9%). France was the only country that missed its 2020 national goal for renewables of 23% with 19.1%. In addition, the share of renewables in electricity consumption rose to 37.5% in 2020 in the EU; they accounted for 23.1% of total energy use for heating and cooling and for 10.2% for transport.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 13% of Argentina's power mix in 2021, compared to 10% in 2020, according to the country's Secretary of Energy. Argentina commissioned 26 large-scale renewable projects in 2021, adding 1,005 MW to its national grid. New capacity additions in 2021, which increased by 24% compared to 2020, were mostly wind (42%), bioenergy (31%), solar photovoltaic (PV) (15%) and small hydro (12%); they represented 97% of the new capacity additions in 2021.

18

Jan

Renewables accounted for 11.5% of Indonesia's energy mix in 2021, according to the country's Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM). Indonesia was expected to reach a 14.5% target of renewables in its energy mix by 2021 as in its National General Energy Planning (RUEN) roadmap for that year. The national energy policy revision (Regulation No. 79/2014) sets a target of 23% of renewables in the total primary energy supply by 2025 (excluding traditional biomass). In addition, Indonesia added only 655 MW of renewables capacity in 2021, compared to an objective of 855 MW.