Surge in Turkey's coal consumption..
In 2017, global coal consumption was spurred by India and Turkey, and by Russia and China to a lesser extent.
In China, responsible for nearly half of world coal demand, sustained economic growth, higher power consumption and relaxed coal production restrictions contributed to slightly increase coal consumption after three years of decline. Coal thus remains a pillar for the Chinese economy despite structural economic changes (shift away from energy intensive industries to a more services-oriented economy), strong efficiency gains in the manufacturing industry and in the power sector (shut-down of old and inefficient plants) and the government’s willingness to decarbonise the economy and limit air pollution.
Coal demand fell for the 4th year in a row in the United States – 28 GW of coal-fired capacity closed since 2015, no addition in 2017 – and for the 5th year in a row in the European Union (especially in Germany and the UK) due to the closure of many inefficient coal-fired power plants mainly due to stricter environmental regulations. Coal consumption also collapsed in Ukraine as nuclear and hydropower generation increased.
Based on its 2017 data for G20 countries, Enerdata analyses the trends in the world energy markets.Download the publication
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Several Eastern Mediterranean governments - Cyprus, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan and Palestine - have agreed to establish the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum, a regional gas market that would optimise the resource development of its members, rationalise the cost of the transportation infrastructure, offer competitive trade prices and improve mutual trade relations. Other countries may join the forum later and the institution will be also open to monitoring by international and regional organisations.
The Iraqi government expects to raise production from the southern Majnoon oilfield near Basrah from the current 240,000 bbl/d to 290,000 bbl/d by the end of 2019 and then to 450,000 bbl/d by the end of 2021. In 2019, US$7bn will be invested for the development of five oil fields in the Basra region, of which 10% (US$700m) for the Majnoon field. Besides, it has also outlined plans to develop a new offshore oil export pipeline with a capacity to transport 700,000 bbl/d by the end of 2019.
The Tunisian government expects the country to produce approximately 25% of its energy output with renewable energy projects by 2020. New projects - mainly wind and solar - with a combined capacity of 1,000 MW worth TND2.5bn (US$836m) should be commissioned by 2020.
According to the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC), crude oil exports via the CPC pipeline rose by 11% in 2018, reaching 61.1 Mt. Exports from Kazakhstan accounted for most of this figure (89%) - with three Kazakhstan oil fields making up the majority of the exports (28.7 Mt came from Tengiz, 13.2 Mt from Kashagan and 10.3 Mt from Karachaganak), while the remainder came from Russia.