Surge in Turkey's coal consumption..
In 2017, global coal consumption was spurred by India and Turkey, and by Russia and China to a lesser extent.
In China, responsible for nearly half of world coal demand, sustained economic growth, higher power consumption and relaxed coal production restrictions contributed to slightly increase coal consumption after three years of decline. Coal thus remains a pillar for the Chinese economy despite structural economic changes (shift away from energy intensive industries to a more services-oriented economy), strong efficiency gains in the manufacturing industry and in the power sector (shut-down of old and inefficient plants) and the government’s willingness to decarbonise the economy and limit air pollution.
Coal demand fell for the 4th year in a row in the United States – 28 GW of coal-fired capacity closed since 2015, no addition in 2017 – and for the 5th year in a row in the European Union (especially in Germany and the UK) due to the closure of many inefficient coal-fired power plants mainly due to stricter environmental regulations. Coal consumption also collapsed in Ukraine as nuclear and hydropower generation increased.
Based on its 2017 data for G20 countries, Enerdata analyses the trends in the world energy markets.Download the publication
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According to China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC), the Sanmen-1 AP1000 nuclear reactor project being built in the Zhejiang province of China has completed 168 hours of full power continuous operation and is now deemed to enter commercial operation. A second reactor at the Sanmen site achieved hot testing phase in February 2018 and should be commissioned by the end of the year. With the commissioning of Sanmen-1, CNNC now has a total of 19 operational nuclear reactors, with an installed capacity of 16,716 MW.
According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) benefited from a 29% increase of their net oil revenues in 2017 to US$567bn compared with 2016, thanks to both the increase in crude oil prices and in net oil exports. The EIA predicts that these revenues are likely to continue to ramp up in 2018 to US$736bn (+30%), following the annual crude oil prices trends. However, they could decline starting from 2019, by 2.4% to US$719bn, driven mainly by lower prices and by slightly lower OPEC production and exports to a lesser extent.
Russian state-run energy company Gazprom is discussing with the Hungarian government regarding the delivery of future gas supplies, since current gas supply agreements expire at the end of 2019. The discussion will also include other issues such as the development of the Hungarian gas transmission system and the prospects of storing Gazprom's fuel in Hungarian underground gas storage (UGS) facilities.
US-based LNG project developer Cheniere Energy has signed a sales and purchase agreement with the global trader Vitol, under which Vitol agreed to purchase 0.7 Mt/year (roughly 0.95 bcm/year) of LNG from Cheniere on a free on board basis for a term of approximately 15 years beginning in 2018. The contract's purchase price is indexed to the monthly Henry Hub price and includes a fee.