Surge in Turkey's coal consumption..
In 2017, global coal consumption was spurred by India and Turkey, and by Russia and China to a lesser extent.
In China, responsible for nearly half of world coal demand, sustained economic growth, higher power consumption and relaxed coal production restrictions contributed to slightly increase coal consumption after three years of decline. Coal thus remains a pillar for the Chinese economy despite structural economic changes (shift away from energy intensive industries to a more services-oriented economy), strong efficiency gains in the manufacturing industry and in the power sector (shut-down of old and inefficient plants) and the government’s willingness to decarbonise the economy and limit air pollution.
Coal demand fell for the 4th year in a row in the United States – 28 GW of coal-fired capacity closed since 2015, no addition in 2017 – and for the 5th year in a row in the European Union (especially in Germany and the UK) due to the closure of many inefficient coal-fired power plants mainly due to stricter environmental regulations. Coal consumption also collapsed in Ukraine as nuclear and hydropower generation increased.
Based on its 2017 data for G20 countries, Enerdata analyses the trends in the world energy markets.Download the publication
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According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), US renewable power generation achieved a new record of 742 TWh in 2018, which is almost twice the amount of 382 TWh produced in 2008. In total, renewables provided 17.6% of the US power generation in 2018 and 90% of the increase over the 2008-2018 period came from wind and solar power plants, since conventional hydroelectric capacity remained relatively stable (+2% since 2008, reaching 292 TWh in 2018, i.e. 6.9% of the US power mix).
Iran has officially inaugurated four new phases of the South Pars offshore gas field, i.e. phases 13, 22, 23 and 24. A total of US$11bn were invested in the four mega projects, which will add 56 mcm/d of gas, 75,000 bbl/d of gas condensate and 400 t/d of sulfur and will enable to produce 1 Mt/year of ethane and 1 Mt/year of propane and butane.
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US natural gas production reached new highs in 2018, increasing by 11%. Gas production measured as marketed production and dry natural gas production have also reached new highs. As expected, gas exports also increased by 14% to 102 bcm, with LNG exports surging by 53%. The United States continued to be a net gas exporter in 2018, as in 2017 when the country exported more gas than it imported for the first time in nearly 60 years.
Russian state-owned gas group Gazprom produced nearly 498 bcm (+5.7%) of natural gas in 2018. The third gas production facility at Bovanenkovskoye, the main field in the Yamal Peninsula with gas reserves totalling 4,900 bcm, went onstrem in 2018 and reached its design production capacity of 115 bcm (production capacity of 317 mcm/d in winter).