Rise in the share of electricity in China's final energy consumption since 2010.
Global electrification of the final consumption continues to follow an increasing trend, and is close to 20% in 2020 (+0.7 point compared to 2019)
In 2020, the share of electricity in global final consumption increased by 0.7 point – the biggest increase of the 21st century – due to continuous efforts in electrification, but also due to the pandemic that significantly decreased the share of oil in final consumption in this particular year. In most of the countries and regions of the world, the trend is globally positive, with a share of the electricity in total final consumption increasing. This means an increasing share of electricity use in industry, residential and services sectors, and more recently, a start in the road transport sector with the development of electric vehicles. The share of electricity in final consumption is particularly high in Norway and Sweden, which benefit from large hydro resources (48% and 33%, respectively). During the last 10 years, several countries have experienced a high improvement of this share: China (+7.7 points), or Indonesia (+6.1 points), mainly driven by the increasing use of electricity in the buildings sector (and the strong decrease in biomass use).
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Iran exported 17 bcm of natural gas in the past year (March 2021-March 2022), according to the National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC), including 7.3 bcm to Iraq (43%) and 3.3 bcm to Turkey (19%). Around 98% of cities and 85% of villages in the country are connected to the natural gas transmission network. In 2020, Iran exported 11.3 bcm of natural gas and Iraq sourced 100% of its natural gas imports from Iran, totalling 5.7 bcm in 2020.
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) rose by 7.3% in 2021, due to higher emissions from the power sector, industry and aviation; however, they remain below their 2019 levels.
India's crude oil production declined by 2.7% in the fiscal year 2021-2022 (April 2021 to March 2022) to 29.7 Mt, in line with the recent decrease in oil production due to ageing fields. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) produced 19.45 Mt of crude oil (-3.6%). With the economic recovery, refineries processed 242 Mt of crude oil in the fiscal year 2021-2022 (+9%), producing 254 Mt of petroleum products (+8.9%). In addition, natural gas output rose by 18.7% to 34 bcm in the fiscal year 2021-2022.
US greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (including LULUCF) declined by 11% in 2020 to 5,222 MtCO2eq, i.e., 21% below 2005 levels, according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency. This was driven by an 11% decrease in CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion, primarily due to a 13% drop in transportation emissions driven by lower demand owing to the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, power sector emissions also fell by 10%, reflecting both a slight decline in demand from the COVID-19 pandemic and a continued shift from coal to natural gas and renewables. In 2020, CO2 accounted for 79% of total emissions, followed by methane (11%), nitrous oxide (7%) and fluorinated gases (3%). Transport is the largest emitter sector (27%), followed by electricity (25%), industry (24%), commercial and residential (13%) and agriculture (11%).