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Share of electricity in total final energy consumption

Global electrification of the final consumption continues to follow an increasing trend, and is close to 20% in 2020 (+0.7 point compared to 2019)

Share of electricity in total final energy consumption

Global electrification of the final consumption continues to follow an increasing trend, and is close to 20% in 2020 (+0.7 point compared to 2019)

Breakdown by country (%)
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World

Trend over 1990 - 2020 - %

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+7.7 pts


Rise in the share of electricity in China's final energy consumption since 2010.

Global electrification of the final consumption continues to follow an increasing trend, and is close to 20% in 2020 (+0.7 point compared to 2019)

In 2020, the share of electricity in global final consumption increased by 0.7 point – the biggest increase of the 21st century – due to continuous efforts in electrification, but also due to the pandemic that significantly decreased the share of oil in final consumption in this particular year. In most of the countries and regions of the world, the trend is globally positive, with a share of the electricity in total final consumption increasing. This means an increasing share of electricity use in industry, residential and services sectors, and more recently, a start in the road transport sector with the development of electric vehicles. The share of electricity in final consumption is particularly high in Norway and Sweden, which benefit from large hydro resources (48% and 33%, respectively). During the last 10 years, several countries have experienced a high improvement of this share: China (+7.7 points), or Indonesia (+6.1 points), mainly driven by the increasing use of electricity in the buildings sector (and the strong decrease in biomass use).

Global Energy Trends - 2021 Edition

Consolidated 2020 energy and emissions statistics with 2021 estimates, including COVID-19 impact and structural changes.

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25

Oct

According to Ireland's Environmental Protection Agency, the country's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions decreased by 3.6% in 2020 to 58 MtCO2eq. The decrease in emissions is reflected in most sectors with the exception of increases in residential, agriculture  and public services. In the energy sector, GHG emissions fell by 7.9% (-0.74 MtCO2eq), as peat-fired power generation halved and renewable power generation increased noticeably (+15% from wind), covering 42% of the Irish power mix. Residential emissions grew by 9% (+0.59 MtCO2eq), as a result of colder temperatures, historic low oil prices (impacting heating choices), and home working. Emissions from transports fell by nearly 16% (-1.9 MtCO2eq) due to transport restrictions. Overall, Ireland's GHG emissions are still only 7% below 2005 level. The country committed under an EU agreement known as the Effort Sharing Decision to cut GHG emissions by 20% between 2005 and 2020.

10

Sep

According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), 6.1 GW of offshore wind capacity was installed in 2020 (down from 6.2 GW in 2019), including 3 GW in China, 1.5 GW in the Netherlands, and 0.7 GW in Belgium. More than 35 GW of offshore wind capacity is currently operational, with 29% of the total in the UK, 28% in China and 22% in Germany.

27

Aug

South Africa’s total greenhouse gas emissions excluding FOLU (forestry and other land use) increased by 14% between 2000 and 2017 to 513 MtCO2eq, according to the country’s 7th National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventory Report. The energy sector is the largest contributor to emissions excluding FOLU (80%) and is responsible for 97% of the increase over 2000-2017. Energy industries were responsible for 61% of emissions from the energy sector in 2017. This was followed by transport (13%), other sectors (9%) and manufacturing industries and construction (7%).

12

Aug

According to the Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation (TEIAŞ), installed wind capacity in Turkey reached the 10 GW threshold in early August 2021. Most of the capacity is located in the Izmir province (1.7 GW), followed by Balıkesir (1,300 MW), Çanakkale (850 MW), Manisa (750 MW), and Istanbul (420 MW). Wind represented 10% of the installed capacity connected to the transmission network (10,010 MW out of 98,800 MW) and over half (51.9 GW) was considered "clean" electricity. In the first half of 2021, wind power accounted for around 9% of the power generation, replacing nearly US$1bn in gas imports.