Rise in the share of electricity in China's final energy consumption since 2010.
Global electrification of the final consumption continues to follow an increasing trend, and is close to 20% in 2020 (+0.7 point compared to 2019)
In 2020, the share of electricity in global final consumption increased by 0.7 point – the biggest increase of the 21st century – due to continuous efforts in electrification, but also due to the pandemic that significantly decreased the share of oil in final consumption in this particular year. In most of the countries and regions of the world, the trend is globally positive, with a share of the electricity in total final consumption increasing. This means an increasing share of electricity use in industry, residential and services sectors, and more recently, a start in the road transport sector with the development of electric vehicles. The share of electricity in final consumption is particularly high in Norway and Sweden, which benefit from large hydro resources (48% and 33%, respectively). During the last 10 years, several countries have experienced a high improvement of this share: China (+7.7 points), or Indonesia (+6.1 points), mainly driven by the increasing use of electricity in the buildings sector (and the strong decrease in biomass use).
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According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), 6.1 GW of offshore wind capacity was installed in 2020 (down from 6.2 GW in 2019), including 3 GW in China, 1.5 GW in the Netherlands, and 0.7 GW in Belgium. More than 35 GW of offshore wind capacity is currently operational, with 29% of the total in the UK, 28% in China and 22% in Germany.
South Africa’s total greenhouse gas emissions excluding FOLU (forestry and other land use) increased by 14% between 2000 and 2017 to 513 MtCO2eq, according to the country’s 7th National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventory Report. The energy sector is the largest contributor to emissions excluding FOLU (80%) and is responsible for 97% of the increase over 2000-2017. Energy industries were responsible for 61% of emissions from the energy sector in 2017. This was followed by transport (13%), other sectors (9%) and manufacturing industries and construction (7%).
According to the Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation (TEIAŞ), installed wind capacity in Turkey reached the 10 GW threshold in early August 2021. Most of the capacity is located in the Izmir province (1.7 GW), followed by Balıkesir (1,300 MW), Çanakkale (850 MW), Manisa (750 MW), and Istanbul (420 MW). Wind represented 10% of the installed capacity connected to the transmission network (10,010 MW out of 98,800 MW) and over half (51.9 GW) was considered "clean" electricity. In the first half of 2021, wind power accounted for around 9% of the power generation, replacing nearly US$1bn in gas imports.
According to preliminary statistics from the Indian Ministry of Coal, India’s production of non-coking coal and lignite declined by 1.7% in the fiscal year 2020-21 to 708 Mt, including 671 Mt of non-coking coal (-1%) and 37 Mt of lignite (-12%). Of the total output of non-coking coal, 96% was produced the public sector, including 83% by Coal India Limited (CIL). Most of the lignite was extracted by NLC India Limited (53%). The country imported 164 Mt of non-coking coal in 2020-21 (-17%), mainly from Indonesia (56%), South Africa (19%) and Australia (11%).