Rise in the share of renewables in the British power mix between 2000 and 2018.
The share of renewable energy sources (RES, including hydropower) within the global power generation mix, which has been rising quickly since the end of the 2000’s, grew by nearly 1 percentage point (+0.8 pts) in 2018, to almost 26%.
Most of the growth comes from new wind and solar capacity, supported by ambitious climate policies in the European Union, the United States, China, India, Japan and Australia, and by the dramatic fall in solar and wind development costs over recent years, enabling developing countries to expand their renewable capacity base. Favourable hydro conditions raised renewable power generation in Europe, Brazil, India, Thailand, Australia and New Zealand.
Renewables now cover 36% of the power mix in Europe, 26% in China and around 18% in the United States, India and Japan.
According to the Spanish power transmission system operator Red Eléctrica de España (REE), Spain added nearly 6.5 GW of new renewable power capacity in 2019 (6,456 MW), corresponding to a 13% increase in the renewable capacity. During 2019, 93 new solar PV power plants added 3,975 MW, while 86 new wind projects added 2,319 MW and 10 other renewable projects added 162 MW. Most of the new renewable capacity came from auctions held in 2017 (5,689 MW). This strong growth in the renewable capacity contributed to raise Spain's installed capacity by 5.6% at the end of 2019.
According to Eurostat, the share of renewable energy in the gross final energy consumption of the European Union (EU) rose from 17.5% in 2017 to 18% in 2018, progressing towards the target of 20% of renewable energy by 2020 and at least 32% by 2030.
According to the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP), Brazil’s oil production increased by 7.8% in 2019 to reach 1.018 Gbl (2.789 mb/d), including 634 mbl in pre-salt areas. Total gas production also increased significantly during 2019 (+9.5%).
According to preliminary data from the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s fossil fuel production continued to rise in 2019. China’s raw coal production increased by 4.2% in 2019, in line with the continuing of the supply-side structural reform. Coal imports also rose by 6.3%, benefiting from declining prices. The decline in crude oil production since 2015 reversed in 2019, as the major domestic oil fields had a stable production growth trend and crude oil production rose by 0.8%. In addition, crude oil imports rose by 9.5% and inputs to Chinese refineries rose by 7.6%. China's gas production soared by 9.8% in 2019, while imports rose by 6.9%. Finally, power generation increased by 3.5%.