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Share of renewables in electricity production

Ambitious renewable support policies and falling technology costs are raising the share of RES in the global power mix (+1.8pt)

Share of renewables in electricity production

Ambitious renewable support policies and falling technology costs are raising the share of RES in the global power mix (+1.8pt)

Breakdown by country (%)
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World

Trend over 1990 - 2020 - %

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% in electricity production (2020) - %

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+40 pts


Rise in the share of renewables in the UK’s power mix between 2000 and 2020

Ambitious renewable support policies and falling technology costs are raising the share of RES in the global power mix (+1.8pt)

In 2020, renewable power generation (including hydropower) rose by over 6%, thanks to a continuous growth in wind and solar generation, as the share of hydropower has remained rather stable at around 16% of the global power mix since 2000. This surge in renewable power generation in the EU, the USA, China, India, Japan, Chile and Australia is supported by ambitious climate policies and the continuous fall in costs of solar and wind technologies. The share of renewable energy sources (including hydropower) within the global power generation mix rose by 1.8 percentage point to over 28% of the power mix, following the rising trend it started in the 2000’s. Favourable hydro conditions raised renewable power generation in China, Russia, Europe (especially in Sweden and Norway), Brazil, and Japan. Renewables now cover 39% of the power mix in the EU, 28% in China, 23% in India and 20% in the USA, Russia and Japan.

Global Energy Trends - 2021 Edition

Consolidated 2020 energy and emissions statistics with 2021 estimates, including COVID-19 impact and structural changes.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all renewable resources: hydro, wind, solar, geothermal and biomass. Access to the whole renewable value chain information: renewable energy production capacities by technology, power generation by technology, biomass, biofuels, and indicators.

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06

Jul

According to preliminary statistics from the Indian Ministry of Coal, India’s production of non-coking coal and lignite declined by 1.7% in the fiscal year 2020-21 to 708 Mt, including 671 Mt of non-coking coal (-1%) and 37 Mt of lignite (-12%). Of the total output of non-coking coal, 96% was produced the public sector, including 83% by Coal India Limited (CIL). Most of the lignite was extracted by NLC India Limited (53%). The country imported 164 Mt of non-coking coal in 2020-21 (-17%), mainly from Indonesia (56%), South Africa (19%) and Australia (11%).

02

Jul

Spain’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (including LULUCF) decreased by 13.7% in 2020 to 271.5 MtCO2eq (-6.4% compared to 1990 level), according to preliminary data from the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge (MITECO). This drop is due to an increase renewable electricity generation, the fall in coal use, and activity and mobility limitations associations with the COVID-19 pandemic. CO2 accounted for 78% of total GHG emissions in 2020, followed by methane (14%). Transport represented 28% of total GHG emissions in 2020, followed by industry (21%), agriculture and livestock (14%), electricity generation (10%), households and services (8%) and waste (5%). GHG emissions from installations subject to the EU ETS declined by 18.7% in 2020 compared to 2019. Emissions from diffuse sectors decreased by 10% and those from dometic air transport nearly halved in 2020 (-48%). The LULUCF (Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry) sector is estimated to have removed 13.5% of Spain’s gross GHG emissions (36.6 MtCO2eq).

10

Jun

South Korea’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 7.3% in 2020 to 649 MtCO2eq (i.e. -10.9% compared with the 2018 peak of 729 MtCO2eq). GHG emissions have been driven down by South Korea's energy and industrial sectors (-7.8% and -7.1%, respectively). In the power sector, total emissions decreased by 12.4% due to temporary shutdowns of coal-fired power plants resulting in lower coal-fired power generation and due to an increased renewable power generation. Emissions from the transport sector (included in the energy sector) contracted by 4.1%, owing to reduced travel (COVID-19-related restrictions) and the continuous deployment of low-emission vehicles. Residential emissions grew by only 0.3%, while emissions from business and public sectors fell by 9.9%. In the industrial sector (-7.1%), the reduced activity affected the energy-intensive branches such as chemicals (7.6% drop in GHG emissions), steel (-2.5%) and cement (-8.9%).

01

Jun

Australia's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions dipped by 5% in 2020 (-26.1 MtCO2eq) to 499 MtCO2eq, according to the Australian Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources. GHG emissions from the power sector declined by 4.9% but still accounted for a third of total GHG emissions in Australia. In addition, fugitive emissions (10% of total GHG emissions in 2020) declined by 8.8%, partly due to a lower coal production, and emissions from transport (18% of total GHG emissions in 2020) contracted by 12.1%, because of COVID-19 restrictions. In 2020, Australia's GHG emissions stood 20.1% below their 2005 level (the baseline year for the Paris Agreement). The country has committed to reduce its emissions by 26-28% by 2030 from 2005 levels.