Rise in the share of renewables in the UK’s power mix between 2000 and 2020
Ambitious renewable support policies and falling technology costs are raising the share of RES in the global power mix (+1.8pt)
In 2020, renewable power generation (including hydropower) rose by over 6%, thanks to a continuous growth in wind and solar generation, as the share of hydropower has remained rather stable at around 16% of the global power mix since 2000. This surge in renewable power generation in the EU, the USA, China, India, Japan, Chile and Australia is supported by ambitious climate policies and the continuous fall in costs of solar and wind technologies. The share of renewable energy sources (including hydropower) within the global power generation mix rose by 1.8 percentage point to over 28% of the power mix, following the rising trend it started in the 2000’s. Favourable hydro conditions raised renewable power generation in China, Russia, Europe (especially in Sweden and Norway), Brazil, and Japan. Renewables now cover 39% of the power mix in the EU, 28% in China, 23% in India and 20% in the USA, Russia and Japan.
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Iran exported 17 bcm of natural gas in the past year (March 2021-March 2022), according to the National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC), including 7.3 bcm to Iraq (43%) and 3.3 bcm to Turkey (19%). Around 98% of cities and 85% of villages in the country are connected to the natural gas transmission network. In 2020, Iran exported 11.3 bcm of natural gas and Iraq sourced 100% of its natural gas imports from Iran, totalling 5.7 bcm in 2020.
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) rose by 7.3% in 2021, due to higher emissions from the power sector, industry and aviation; however, they remain below their 2019 levels.
India's crude oil production declined by 2.7% in the fiscal year 2021-2022 (April 2021 to March 2022) to 29.7 Mt, in line with the recent decrease in oil production due to ageing fields. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) produced 19.45 Mt of crude oil (-3.6%). With the economic recovery, refineries processed 242 Mt of crude oil in the fiscal year 2021-2022 (+9%), producing 254 Mt of petroleum products (+8.9%). In addition, natural gas output rose by 18.7% to 34 bcm in the fiscal year 2021-2022.
US greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (including LULUCF) declined by 11% in 2020 to 5,222 MtCO2eq, i.e., 21% below 2005 levels, according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency. This was driven by an 11% decrease in CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion, primarily due to a 13% drop in transportation emissions driven by lower demand owing to the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, power sector emissions also fell by 10%, reflecting both a slight decline in demand from the COVID-19 pandemic and a continued shift from coal to natural gas and renewables. In 2020, CO2 accounted for 79% of total emissions, followed by methane (11%), nitrous oxide (7%) and fluorinated gases (3%). Transport is the largest emitter sector (27%), followed by electricity (25%), industry (24%), commercial and residential (13%) and agriculture (11%).