Rise in the share of renewables in the UK’s power mix between 2000 and 2020
Ambitious renewable support policies and falling technology costs are raising the share of RES in the global power mix (+1.8pt)
In 2020, renewable power generation (including hydropower) rose by over 6%, thanks to a continuous growth in wind and solar generation, as the share of hydropower has remained rather stable at around 16% of the global power mix since 2000. This surge in renewable power generation in the EU, the USA, China, India, Japan, Chile and Australia is supported by ambitious climate policies and the continuous fall in costs of solar and wind technologies. The share of renewable energy sources (including hydropower) within the global power generation mix rose by 1.8 percentage point to over 28% of the power mix, following the rising trend it started in the 2000’s. Favourable hydro conditions raised renewable power generation in China, Russia, Europe (especially in Sweden and Norway), Brazil, and Japan. Renewables now cover 39% of the power mix in the EU, 28% in China, 23% in India and 20% in the USA, Russia and Japan.
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According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), 6.1 GW of offshore wind capacity was installed in 2020 (down from 6.2 GW in 2019), including 3 GW in China, 1.5 GW in the Netherlands, and 0.7 GW in Belgium. More than 35 GW of offshore wind capacity is currently operational, with 29% of the total in the UK, 28% in China and 22% in Germany.
South Africa’s total greenhouse gas emissions excluding FOLU (forestry and other land use) increased by 14% between 2000 and 2017 to 513 MtCO2eq, according to the country’s 7th National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventory Report. The energy sector is the largest contributor to emissions excluding FOLU (80%) and is responsible for 97% of the increase over 2000-2017. Energy industries were responsible for 61% of emissions from the energy sector in 2017. This was followed by transport (13%), other sectors (9%) and manufacturing industries and construction (7%).
According to the Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation (TEIAŞ), installed wind capacity in Turkey reached the 10 GW threshold in early August 2021. Most of the capacity is located in the Izmir province (1.7 GW), followed by Balıkesir (1,300 MW), Çanakkale (850 MW), Manisa (750 MW), and Istanbul (420 MW). Wind represented 10% of the installed capacity connected to the transmission network (10,010 MW out of 98,800 MW) and over half (51.9 GW) was considered "clean" electricity. In the first half of 2021, wind power accounted for around 9% of the power generation, replacing nearly US$1bn in gas imports.
According to preliminary statistics from the Indian Ministry of Coal, India’s production of non-coking coal and lignite declined by 1.7% in the fiscal year 2020-21 to 708 Mt, including 671 Mt of non-coking coal (-1%) and 37 Mt of lignite (-12%). Of the total output of non-coking coal, 96% was produced the public sector, including 83% by Coal India Limited (CIL). Most of the lignite was extracted by NLC India Limited (53%). The country imported 164 Mt of non-coking coal in 2020-21 (-17%), mainly from Indonesia (56%), South Africa (19%) and Australia (11%).