Portugal's share of renewable decline in 2017 (low hydro).
The share of renewable energy sources (RES, including hydropower) within the global power generation mix, which has been rising quickly since the end of the 2000’s, grew by nearly 1 percentage point in 2017, to almost 25%. Wind and solar generation has gained momentum, encouraged by ambitious climate policies in the European Union, the United States, China, India, Japan and Australia, and by the dramatic fall in solar and wind development costs over recent years, enabling developing countries to expand their renewable capacities. Solar was responsible of 20% of the additional power generation in 2017 and wind 30%. Renewables now cover 1/3 of the power mix in Europe, 1/4 in China and 1/6 in the United States, India and Japan.
In the European Union, the share of renewables remained stable in 2017, as the strong increase in renewable generation in Germany and the UK was offset by adverse hydraulic conditions in southern Europe (France, Italy, Spain).
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Several Eastern Mediterranean governments - Cyprus, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan and Palestine - have agreed to establish the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum, a regional gas market that would optimise the resource development of its members, rationalise the cost of the transportation infrastructure, offer competitive trade prices and improve mutual trade relations. Other countries may join the forum later and the institution will be also open to monitoring by international and regional organisations.
The Iraqi government expects to raise production from the southern Majnoon oilfield near Basrah from the current 240,000 bbl/d to 290,000 bbl/d by the end of 2019 and then to 450,000 bbl/d by the end of 2021. In 2019, US$7bn will be invested for the development of five oil fields in the Basra region, of which 10% (US$700m) for the Majnoon field. Besides, it has also outlined plans to develop a new offshore oil export pipeline with a capacity to transport 700,000 bbl/d by the end of 2019.
The Tunisian government expects the country to produce approximately 25% of its energy output with renewable energy projects by 2020. New projects - mainly wind and solar - with a combined capacity of 1,000 MW worth TND2.5bn (US$836m) should be commissioned by 2020.
According to the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC), crude oil exports via the CPC pipeline rose by 11% in 2018, reaching 61.1 Mt. Exports from Kazakhstan accounted for most of this figure (89%) - with three Kazakhstan oil fields making up the majority of the exports (28.7 Mt came from Tengiz, 13.2 Mt from Kashagan and 10.3 Mt from Karachaganak), while the remainder came from Russia.