Breakdown by country (kCO2/$2015p)

World

-4.2%

Decline in CO2 intensity in the European Union in 2018.

Regular slowdown in global CO2 intensity reduction over years since 1990 (-1.6%)

In 2018, the CO2 intensity decreased by 1.7%, indicating progress when compared to the 2000-2017 average (-1.5%/year), but not enough to be in track with Paris agreement objectives. The relationship between emissions and the economy indicated that the expansion of the global economy outweighed the rise in emissions. The CO2 intensity improved in large emitting countries such as China (at one third of its CO2 intensity in 1990) and India, indicating a possibility to proper economically whilst reducing reliance on CO2-intensive processes. In the European Union – the least CO2-intense region worldwide – it decreased by 4.2% in 2018, spurred by lower emissions in a majority of EU Member States such as France, Germany and the United Kingdom.
On the contrary, CO2 intensity slightly increased in 2018 in North America (+0.2%) and grew significantly in Russia (+2.1%) and in Africa (around +3% in Algeria and Nigeria).

Global Energy Trends, 2019 edition

Based on its 2018 data for G20 countries, Enerdata analyses the trends in the world energy markets.

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04
Dec

US EIA expects 90 GW of coal-fired power plants to retire by 2030

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US coal-fired power capacity fell by around 60 GW between 2011 and 2017 as a result of power plant retirements, which were due to high operating and maintenance costs. Sustained relatively low gas prices have made coal-fired power plants less competitive and less used, reducing revenues and operating margins for their operators, prompting them to retire these coal-fired units. A study led by the EIA highlights that coal-fired power plants with the lowest variable operating and maintenance costs have higher capacity factors (59% in 2017) than the coal fleet average (54%) and than the highest cost group (47%).

02
Dec

Japan's greenhouse gas emissions fall to record low in 2018/19

According to Japan National Institute for Environmental Studies, the country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have declined from 1,291 MtCO2 in the financial year 2017/18 to 1,244 MtCO2 in 2018/19 (-3.6%), which is their lowest level since 1990/91. It was the fifth year in a row of decline, which was mainly driven by the increased use of renewable energies and the restart of nine nuclear reactors. As the world’s fifth-biggest carbon emitter, Japan aims at reducing its GHG emissions by 26% by 2030 (from 2013 levels). The observed decrease stood at 11.8% at the end of 2017/18.

05
Nov

US wind capacity exceeds 100 GW mark

According to the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), the installed wind power capacity in the United States has reached 100 GW in the third quarter of 2019 (from over 94 GW at the end of 2018), enough to supply power to 32 million US households. Wind installations accelerated in the third quarter of 2019, with 8 new large power projects totalling 1.9 GW commissioned.

04
Nov

GHG emissions under the EU ETS scheme fell by 4.1% in 2018

According to the annual report on the functioning of the European carbon market, greenhouse gras (GHG) emissions from installations covered by the EU ETS decreased by 4.1% (around 73 MtCO2eq) to 1,682 MtCO2eq in 2018, thanks to a 7.3% drop in emissions from the power and heat production sector (down to 913 MtCO2eq). Verified emissions from the industrial sector remained stable (-0.1%) at 769 MtCO2eq, while those from aviation grew by 3.9% to 67 MtCO2eq.


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