CO2 intensity

Global CO2 intensity reduction accelerate in 2016 (-3.1%) compared to the past trends (-1.4% on average over 1990-2015)

Breakdown by country (kCO2/$2005p)



China's CO2 intensity is twice higher Germany's one.

Global CO2 intensity reduction accelerate in 2016 (-3.1%) compared to the past trends (-1.4% on average over 1990-2015)

On a more longer term trend, CO2 intensity has fallen in all regions since 1990 except in Middle East.
In the OECD countries, CO2 emissions per unit of GDP are 15% below the world average, driven down by the European Union (-2.4%/year since 2000) at a level close to half of that of 1990.
The United States posted a noticeable fall of 45% between 1990 and 2016.
CIS countries have recorded a similar drop (45%) since 1990 but the CIS region remains, by far, that with the highest CO2 intensity.
High intensities are recorded in fossil-fuel rich and developing countries.
In 2016, significant drops have been recorded in China, Spain, the United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom.

Global Energy Trends, 2017 edition

Based on its 2016 data for G20 countries, Enerdata analyses the trends in the world energy markets.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

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The US fossil fuel output is expected to increase in 2018 and 2019

According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US fossil fuels production (including mainly hydrocarbons such as crude oil, hydrocarbon gas liquids and dry natural gas but also coal) is expected to rise in 2018 and in 2019.


France's gas consumption increased slightly in 2017

The French largest gas transmission system operator GRTgaz has reported a wholesale gas consumption rise by 0.4% on its network in 2017, up to 465 TWh. The gas consumption of industrial customers increased by 5.5% up to 190 TWh, mainly driven by the gas-fired power sector: in 2017, the power sector consumed 55 TWh of gas, a 20% increased compared with 46 TWh in 2016 (and only 8 TWh in 2014). This record can be explained by the lower French nuclear fleet's availability and the historically low hydropower generation in 2017. However, the consumption of customers connected to the distribution networks (residential and industry) declined by 2.9% down to 275 TWh, due to mild temperatures.


Nord Stream shipped 51 bcm of Russian gas to Europe in 2017

The Nord Stream Pipeline System shipped 51 bcm of Russian natural gas to the European Union market in 2017, reaching a 93% utilisation rate of its annual design capacity of 55 bcm. This is a 16% increase in gas deliveries, as 43.8 bcm were shipped in 2016, and is the highest utilisation rate of the facility since the commissioning of the first string in November 2011. Gas exports to Europe have ramped up every year, from 11.5 bcm in 2012 to 51 bcm in 2017, raising the cumulated volume of gas transported to the EU since 2011 to 205 bcm in 2017.


Wind and solar covered 46% of Denmark's power consumption in 2017

According to the Danish Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate, wind turbines in Denmark generated 14.8 TWh in 2017, accounting for 43% of the domestic electricity consumption and surpassing the 2015 record of 42%. The wind power share in the Danish energy mix has doubled since 2008, when it accounted for 19%. In addition, solar plants generated 0.8 TWh, i.e. 2.3% of electricity consumption: overall, wind and solar generated 15.6 TWh and accounted for nearly 46% of the power mix, the highest level in Denmark ever.