Decline in CO2 intensity in the European Union in 2018.
In 2018, the CO2 intensity decreased by 1.7%, indicating progress when compared to the 2000-2017 average (-1.5%/year), but not enough to be in track with Paris agreement objectives. The relationship between emissions and the economy indicated that the expansion of the global economy outweighed the rise in emissions. The CO2 intensity improved in large emitting countries such as China (at one third of its CO2 intensity in 1990) and India, indicating a possibility to proper economically whilst reducing reliance on CO2-intensive processes. In the European Union – the least CO2-intense region worldwide – it decreased by 4.2% in 2018, spurred by lower emissions in a majority of EU Member States such as France, Germany and the United Kingdom.
On the contrary, CO2 intensity slightly increased in 2018 in North America (+0.2%) and grew significantly in Russia (+2.1%) and in Africa (around +3% in Algeria and Nigeria).
According to the Spanish power transmission system operator Red Eléctrica de España (REE), Spain added nearly 6.5 GW of new renewable power capacity in 2019 (6,456 MW), corresponding to a 13% increase in the renewable capacity. During 2019, 93 new solar PV power plants added 3,975 MW, while 86 new wind projects added 2,319 MW and 10 other renewable projects added 162 MW. Most of the new renewable capacity came from auctions held in 2017 (5,689 MW). This strong growth in the renewable capacity contributed to raise Spain's installed capacity by 5.6% at the end of 2019.
According to Eurostat, the share of renewable energy in the gross final energy consumption of the European Union (EU) rose from 17.5% in 2017 to 18% in 2018, progressing towards the target of 20% of renewable energy by 2020 and at least 32% by 2030.
According to the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP), Brazil’s oil production increased by 7.8% in 2019 to reach 1.018 Gbl (2.789 mb/d), including 634 mbl in pre-salt areas. Total gas production also increased significantly during 2019 (+9.5%).
According to preliminary data from the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s fossil fuel production continued to rise in 2019. China’s raw coal production increased by 4.2% in 2019, in line with the continuing of the supply-side structural reform. Coal imports also rose by 6.3%, benefiting from declining prices. The decline in crude oil production since 2015 reversed in 2019, as the major domestic oil fields had a stable production growth trend and crude oil production rose by 0.8%. In addition, crude oil imports rose by 9.5% and inputs to Chinese refineries rose by 7.6%. China's gas production soared by 9.8% in 2019, while imports rose by 6.9%. Finally, power generation increased by 3.5%.