Breakdown by country (MtCO2)

World

+2.8%

Steady growth in CO2 emissions in China in 2019.

CO2 emissions stabilised (-0.2%) after two years of increase

In 2019, CO2 emissions from fuel combustion slightly decreased (-0.2%) following two years of growth, thanks to a significant improvement in energy intensity (-2.1% in 2019) and to a strong decline of the CO2 emissions per kWh produced (-3.2%, or 443 gCO2/kWh) mainly due to fuel switching from coal to gas and the rising share of renewables in the global power mix.
Most of the reduction in emissions occurred in the USA (-2.4%) and Europe (-3.9%, with significant cuts in Germany, Poland, the UK, Spain and Turkey), resulting from a lower energy demand (in particular in the power sector) due to a slower economic growth, mild temperatures, and fuel substitutions in the power sector (coal-to-gas switching and renewable growth).
In Asia, CO2 emissions grew again, though at a slower pace than in recent years. Emissions rose for the third year in a row in China (+2.8%), where the coal-to-gas conversion policy was relaxed and continue their steady growth in Indonesia. On the contrary, emissions declined in India (higher hydropower generation reducing coal consumption), South Korea (temporary shutdowns of coal-fired power plants and shift from coal to LNG) and Japan (lower electricity consumption and improved nuclear availability cutting thermal power generation).
CO2 emissions also continued to increase in coal and hydrocarbon producing countries, such as Russia, Australia, Iran, South Africa or Algeria.

Global Energy Trends 2020 - Update

New Consolidated Statistics & Estimates integrating COVID 19 impact.

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10
Jun

South Korea’s greenhouse gas emissions declined by 7.3% in 2020

South Korea’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 7.3% in 2020 to 649 MtCO2eq (i.e. -10.9% compared with the 2018 peak of 729 MtCO2eq). GHG emissions have been driven down by South Korea's energy and industrial sectors (-7.8% and -7.1%, respectively). In the power sector, total emissions decreased by 12.4% due to temporary shutdowns of coal-fired power plants resulting in lower coal-fired power generation and due to an increased renewable power generation. Emissions from the transport sector (included in the energy sector) contracted by 4.1%, owing to reduced travel (COVID-19-related restrictions) and the continuous deployment of low-emission vehicles. Residential emissions grew by only 0.3%, while emissions from business and public sectors fell by 9.9%. In the industrial sector (-7.1%), the reduced activity affected the energy-intensive branches such as chemicals (7.6% drop in GHG emissions), steel (-2.5%) and cement (-8.9%).

Due to the drop in emissions, the South Korean emission trading scheme (ETS) is over-supplied, and the authorities set a temporary price floor for allowances, as the price fell below the government's minimum threshold. However, the average price for allowances increased from KRW29,500/tCO2 (US$25.2/tCO2) in 2019 to KRW30,200/tCO2 (US$25.4/tCO2) in 2020.

01
Jun

Australian GHG emissions decreased by 5% in 2020

Australia's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions dipped by 5% in 2020 (-26.1 MtCO2eq) to 499 MtCO2eq, according to the Australian Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources. GHG emissions from the power sector declined by 4.9% but still accounted for a third of total GHG emissions in Australia. In addition, fugitive emissions (10% of total GHG emissions in 2020) declined by 8.8%, partly due to a lower coal production, and emissions from transport (18% of total GHG emissions in 2020) contracted by 12.1%, because of COVID-19 restrictions. In 2020, Australia's GHG emissions stood 20.1% below their 2005 level (the baseline year for the Paris Agreement). The country has committed to reduce its emissions by 26-28% by 2030 from 2005 levels.

01
Jun

Renewables accounted for 11% of Dutch final energy consumption in 2020

The share of renewables in the Dutch gross final energy consumption rose from 8.8% in 2019 to 11.1% in 2020, according to Statistics Netherlands (CBS). Most of the renewable consumption was biomass (6% of final energy consumption), followed by wind (2.5%), solar (1.5%) and others (1%).

10
May

EU energy-related CO2 emissions decreased by 10% in 2020

Energy-related CO2 emissions in the European Union contracted by 10% in 2020, as a result of COVID-19 containment measures that had a significant impact on transport and industrial activities. CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased in all countries, with the largest contractions in Greece (-19%), Estonia, Luxembourg (-18% each), Spain (-16%) and Denmark (-15%). They fell by around 9% in Germany (25% of EU's total energy-related CO2 emissions), and by around 11% in Italy (12% of total emissions) and France (11% of total emissions). Emissions cuts were limited in Malta (-1%), Hungary (-1.7%), Ireland and Lithuania (both -2.6%).


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