Fall in Iran’s energy production in 2019.
The USA and China were the main contributors to the increase in global energy production in 2019, posting a significant growth in crude oil production and coal production, respectively.
2019 Key data for energy production are as follows:
- Crude oil: -0.7% driven by the fall in production in the Middle East (vs. +1.2%/year over 2000-2018)
- Gas: +4% propelled by the USA, Russia and Australia (vs. +2.5%/year over 2000-2018)
- Coal: 0%, with growth in China (+4%) offset by drops in India, the USA and the EU (compared with +3%/year over 2000-2018)
- Electricity: +1%, spurred by China, with declines in Europe, the USA and Japan (down from +3.1%/year over 2000-2018)
Energy production also grew in Russia and Australia (new LNG projects coming on stream), in Brazil (oil production rise), in South Africa (higher coal production) and in Turkey (surge in hydropower generation).
On the contrary, energy production continued to decline in Europe (especially coal production in Germany and Poland, and crude oil production in Norway and the Netherlands, where oil and gas resources tend to decrease). In the Middle East, US sanctions cut Iran’s energy production by nearly 15%, while Saudi Arabia reduced its crude oil production in line with the OPEC+ agreement.
According to the Swiss government, final energy consumption in Switzerland slightly increased in 2019 (+0.3%) due to cooler temperatures, economic growth (+0.9%), demographic growth (+0.7%) and increasing fleet of motor vehicles (+0.8%). This rising trend was offset by continued energy efficiency and substitution effects.
According to preliminary figures from Citepa, France’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 0.9% in 2019, from 445 MtCO2eq in 2018 to 441 MtCO2eq in 2019. This is due to a decline in GHG emissions from the residential and tertiary sector (-2.7%, i.e. -2.2 MtCO2eq, with a 2.3% drop for households and a 3.2% decline for services), in the energy sector (-0.7%, including -1.5% for power generation), and in waste processing (-2.2%). In 2019, CO2 emissions dipped by 1%, from 331.5 Mt to 328.2 Mt (-3.3 Mt), while methane emissions contracted by 0.7% (-0.4 MtCO2eq).
According to Statistics Norway, Norwegian greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions fell by 2.1% to 51 MtCO2eq in 2019, the fourth year of decline in a row, thanks to reduced fuel consumption in the transport sector (-7.7%) and a drop in emission from oil and gas extraction (-1.7% to 13.9 MtCO2eq). However, emissions in the industry and mining sector grew by 1.9% to 12.2 MtCO2eq. Overall, Norway’s GHG emissions in 2019 stood 1% below their 1990 levels.
According to Solar Heat Worldwide, the cumulated solar thermal capacity operational at the end of 2019 reached 479 GWth, corresponding to an annual solar thermal energy yield of 389 TWh. This represents savings of 135.1 Mt of CO2. In 2019, new installations in the global solar thermal market declined by 6% (+606 MWth), due to fewer collector additions in China. At the end of 2019, 58% of the installed solar thermal capacity was located in Europe, followed by Asia (35%, with China accounting for 24% of the global capacity) and the Middle-East North Africa region.