Rise in energy production in Iran.
China was the main contributor to the increase in global energy production, as its coal output grew for the first time after three years of reduction.
Higher global energy prices spurred oil and gas production in the United States, after the 2016 drop.
Energy production continued to decline in the European Union, owing to the moderate growth in energy consumption, lower primary electricity production (nuclear and hydro) the depletion of oil and gas resources and the climate policy that eventually implies the exit of coal.
Large oil and gas exporting countries (Russia, Iran after the end of international sanctions, Canada or Nigeria to a lesser extent) as well as the fast-developing countries (India, Indonesia, Turkey and Brazil) have been the main contributors to the energy production increase in 2017. Conversely, Saudi Arabia's energy production was affected by the OPEC production cut agreement.
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The first turbine of Ørsted's 1,218 MW Hornsea One offshore wind project in the North Sea (United Kingdom) has been commissioned and it has started to deliver power to the British domestic grid. The project broke ground in fourth quarter of 2017 and the export cable system was installed in December 2018, a few months ahead of schedule. The full commissioning of the wind park is currently expected for 2020.
The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development of Uganda has delayed the startup of domestic oil production by one year until 2022. The country discovered its crude reserves more than 10 years ago but the production has been repeatedly delayed by disagreements with field operators over taxes and the development process. Besides, the lack of existing transportation pipelines and refining infrastructure also played a significant role in holding up the country's projects.
According to Eurostat, the share of renewables in the European Union's (EU) gross final energy consumption hiked to 17.5% in 2017, up from 17% in 2016, which is more than twice the 2004 share of 8.5%. Compared with the previous year, it increased in 19 of the 28 Member States.
The Saudi Arabian government has outlined plans to reduce the domestic crude oil production to approximately 9.8 mb/d in March 2019, which is over 0.5 mb/d below its pledged production level of 10.3 mb/d agreed under the latest global supply cutting agreement between OPEC and non-OPEC producers. Besides, Saudi oil exports are slated to follow the same trend and will decrease to 6.9 mb/d.