Rise in energy production in Iran.
China was the main contributor to the increase in global energy production, as its coal output grew for the first time after three years of reduction.
Higher global energy prices spurred oil and gas production in the United States, after the 2016 drop.
Energy production continued to decline in the European Union, owing to the moderate growth in energy consumption, lower primary electricity production (nuclear and hydro) the depletion of oil and gas resources and the climate policy that eventually implies the exit of coal.
Large oil and gas exporting countries (Russia, Iran after the end of international sanctions, Canada or Nigeria to a lesser extent) as well as the fast-developing countries (India, Indonesia, Turkey and Brazil) have been the main contributors to the energy production increase in 2017. Conversely, Saudi Arabia's energy production was affected by the OPEC production cut agreement.
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According to the German Federal Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt or UBA), renewable power production reached a new record in the first semester of 2018, with 117 TWh generated, which is 10% more than in the first half of 2017 (+10 TWh). Wind power plants generated 57 TWh, with 26 TWh from biomass and biogas waste installations, 24 TWh from solar PV units and 10 TWh from hydropower plants.
According to the World Nuclear Association latest performance report, global nuclear power generation grew for the fifth year in a row and reached 2,506 TWh (+1.2% from 2,477 TWh in 2016). At the end of 2017, the global nuclear capacity stood at 392 GWe spread across 448 reactors, which is 2 GWe more (+0.5%) than at the end of 2016.
The Algerian oil and gas company Sonatrach has announced a nine-year gas supply contract with Spain for 9 bcm/year. Algeria is intensifying commercial relations with Europe, as Gas Natural Fenosa renewed its gas supply agreement with Sonatrach until 2030 in June 2018. Sonatrach currently supplies around 9.8 bcm/year to Gas Natural Fenosa.
The German and Dutch power transmission network operators Amprion and TenneT will integrate the first circuit of the 380 kV interconnection line between Doetinchem in the Netherlands and Niederrhein in Germany into the CWE market on 25 August 2018. The interconnection capacity between the two countries will then increase by 750 MW, from 5 000 MW to 5,750 MW, and by another 750 MW to 6,500 MW when the second circuit goes live in November 2018.