Breakdown by country (Mtoe)



Growth in US oil and gas production in 2018.

World energy production continued growing in 2018 (2.8%), above its historical trend

The United States and China were the main contributors to the increase in global energy production, together contributing 54% of growth in 2018.
Key data for 2018 energy production by fuel are as follows:
 Crude oil: +2% driven by explosive growth of shale in the United States (+16.5%)
 Gas: +5.2% propelled by the United States and Russia, the two main producers
 Coal: +1.9%, led by China, the world’s largest producer
 Electricity: +3.5% with China and the United States accounting for three quarters of the rise in 2018
Energy production continued to decline in the European Union, owing to the slight decline of electricity production from nuclear, the depletion of oil and gas resources and the climate policy that eventually implies the exit of coal. This decline comes despite increased hydro production after a dry year and a moderate increase in energy consumption.

Global Energy Trends, 2019 edition

Based on its 2018 data for G20 countries, Enerdata analyses the trends in the world energy markets.

Download the publication

Global Energy & CO2 Data

Access to the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on energy supply, demand, prices and GHG emissions (186 countries).

Free trial


US LNG exports reach 119 mcm/d in the first five months of 2019

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US LNG exports have been rising steadily since 2017, to 4.7 bcf/d (133 mcm/d) in May 2019. The recent LNG exports level makes the United States the third-largest LNG exporter in the first five months of the year with an average of 4.2 bcf/d (119 mcm/d), over the January-May 2019 period. The United States expects to remain the third-largest LNG exporter in the world in 2019-2020, behind Australia and Qatar.


Iran's renewable power capacity reached 760 MW in July 2019

According to the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Organization of Iran (also known as SATBA), Iran's installed renewable power capacity reached 760 MW in July 2019. Most of this renewable capacity consists of solar PV (330 MW) and wind (300 MW). Currently, there are 115 renewable power plants operational in the country and another 32 facilities under construction, which will add 380 MW. According to the Energy Ministry of Iran, renewables have attracted more than IRR124,000bn (US$2.9bn) of investment in recent years and now cover nearly 1% of the power mix, allowing Iran to reduce its gas consumption by 1 bcm/year so far.


17 GW of US coal-fired power capacity will be retired by 2025

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), operators of coal-fired power plants announced the retirement of 546 coal-fired power units totalling 102 GW of capacity between 2010 and the first quarter of 2019. The majority of retirements came in 2015, with 15 GW (mostly 130 MW units with 56 years of operation), followed by 2018 with 13 GW (mostly 350 MW units with 46 years of operation). Another 17 GW of coal-fired capacity will be retired in the United States by the end of 2025, including 7 GW by the end of 2019.


India's renewable power capacity reaches 80 GW

According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) of India, renewable power capacity in India has exceeded the 80 GW mark, with 80,460 MW of renewable capacity operational as of 30 June 2019, including 29,550 MW of solar capacity and 36,370 MW of wind power capacity. In addition, power purchase agreements (PPAs) have already been signed for an additional 9.2 GW of solar power projects.

More news