Surge in US gas production, accounting for 45% of the global increase.
Gas production soared in the United States (+11.5%), the largest gas producer accounting for 45% of the worldwide increase, pushed by recent developments in the Permian Basin and Haynesville Shale formations and by domestic consumption. Shale gas in the US now accounts for around 70% of the country’s gas production.
Gas production surged in Russia (+6.7% in 2018), spurred by a strong growth in domestic demand, and in Iran, following the start-up of new phases in the South Pars fields projects.
Australia’s gas production continued to ramp up (+15%) thanks to the commissioning of new LNG trains in 2017 and 2018.
Gas production grew at a very fast pace (+20%) in Egypt, as new phases of the West Nile Delta project are started up.
In Europe, gas production continued to fall (-15%) as the Netherlands is cutting national output.
According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) of India, coal-fired power generation in India declined by around 2.5% in 2019, posting the first decrease in a decade. Meanwhile, the gas-fired power generation also declined by 4.5%. This decrease is explained by a broader economic slowdown reducing electricity demand and a higher competition from renewable power generation and from nuclear in a lesser extent (+6.3% in 2019).
According to WindEurope, Europe’s wind power capacity grew by 8% in 2019, thanks to the installation of 15.4 GW, and reached 205 GW at the end of the year. New installations are 27% higher than in 2018. However, this number needs to double to reach the objectives of the Green Deal. Over 3/4 of new installations were onshore wind (11.7 GW), and 1/4 offshore (3.6 GW). Four countries accounted for 55% of new wind installations: the United Kingdom (+2.4 GW, including almost 1.8 GW of offshore wind), Spain (+2.3 GW), Germany (+2.2 GW, half of which was offshore), and Sweden (+1.6 GW). France installed more than 1 GW of new wind capacity in 2019 (1.3 GW onshore) despite weathers conditions and delays in approvals slowing down constructions.
According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), new installations of wind power capacities in Africa and the Middle East slowed down in 2019, with only 894 MW installed in 2019, compared to 962 MW in 2018 (-7%). Leading countries were Egypt, which installed 262 MW of new capacity, followed by Morocco (216 MW), Jordan (190 MW), Ethiopia (120 MW) and Iran (50 MW).
According to the French power transmission system operator RTE, electricity consumption in France declined by 0.5% in 2019 (including climate corrections), reaching its lowest level in 10 years. This slight decrease is explained by efforts in terms of energy efficiency (in buildings and equipments), by the structural shift in economic activities (towards services activities), and by a slowdown in economic growth, especially at the end of year.