New surge in US gas production, accounting for nearly 60% of the global growth.
The USA, the largest gas producer, accounted for over half of the 2019 global increase, followed by Russia, Australia, China and Iran. US domestic gas production rose by more than 10%, triggered by new developments in shale formations in Texas and in Pennsylvania. In addition, new gas and LNG export capacities and a strong demand from the power sector contributed to raise US gas production.
Gas production also continued to rise steadily in Russia (+3.4%) and in Australia (+18%), pushed by the development of LNG projects (full operation for projects completed in 2018 or commissioned in 2019) and by domestic demand.
Gas production continues decreasing in Europe (-5.7%), as maintenance and outages reduced output in Norway (-5.7%) and as the Netherlands kept on cutting the Groningen gas production (-13%). Gas production also remained quite stable in Latin America, despite a 5% increase in Argentina.
According to the Swiss government, final energy consumption in Switzerland slightly increased in 2019 (+0.3%) due to cooler temperatures, economic growth (+0.9%), demographic growth (+0.7%) and increasing fleet of motor vehicles (+0.8%). This rising trend was offset by continued energy efficiency and substitution effects.
According to preliminary figures from Citepa, France’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 0.9% in 2019, from 445 MtCO2eq in 2018 to 441 MtCO2eq in 2019. This is due to a decline in GHG emissions from the residential and tertiary sector (-2.7%, i.e. -2.2 MtCO2eq, with a 2.3% drop for households and a 3.2% decline for services), in the energy sector (-0.7%, including -1.5% for power generation), and in waste processing (-2.2%). In 2019, CO2 emissions dipped by 1%, from 331.5 Mt to 328.2 Mt (-3.3 Mt), while methane emissions contracted by 0.7% (-0.4 MtCO2eq).
According to Statistics Norway, Norwegian greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions fell by 2.1% to 51 MtCO2eq in 2019, the fourth year of decline in a row, thanks to reduced fuel consumption in the transport sector (-7.7%) and a drop in emission from oil and gas extraction (-1.7% to 13.9 MtCO2eq). However, emissions in the industry and mining sector grew by 1.9% to 12.2 MtCO2eq. Overall, Norway’s GHG emissions in 2019 stood 1% below their 1990 levels.
According to Solar Heat Worldwide, the cumulated solar thermal capacity operational at the end of 2019 reached 479 GWth, corresponding to an annual solar thermal energy yield of 389 TWh. This represents savings of 135.1 Mt of CO2. In 2019, new installations in the global solar thermal market declined by 6% (+606 MWth), due to fewer collector additions in China. At the end of 2019, 58% of the installed solar thermal capacity was located in Europe, followed by Asia (35%, with China accounting for 24% of the global capacity) and the Middle-East North Africa region.