Continuous growth in India's CO2 emissions.
After three years of stagnation linked to weak economic growth, reductions in energy intensity and changes in the fuel mix, global CO2 emissions grew by 2.1% in 2017. CO2 emissions remained stable in the United States, in line with its energy consumption, but the strong economic growth pushed China’s coal consumption – and CO2 emissions – upward, despite its coal-to-gas switching policy that had maintained its emissions stable since 2014.
The global economic growth helped raise energy consumption and CO2 emissions in most countries, such as India, Russia, Japan, South Korea, Canada or Iran. Adverse hydropower conditions also contributed to the increase in Brazil and Europe (significant 1.9% increase in 2017 compared with a -1.9% average decrease in the past decade; emissions grew particularly in Turkey (higher use of coal), Germany, Spain, Poland and France but fell in the United Kingdom against higher renewable generation.
Conversely, CO2 emissions decreased in Mexico and in Ukraine, where coal consumption was cut by a higher nuclear generation.
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The first turbine of Ørsted's 1,218 MW Hornsea One offshore wind project in the North Sea (United Kingdom) has been commissioned and it has started to deliver power to the British domestic grid. The project broke ground in fourth quarter of 2017 and the export cable system was installed in December 2018, a few months ahead of schedule. The full commissioning of the wind park is currently expected for 2020.
The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development of Uganda has delayed the startup of domestic oil production by one year until 2022. The country discovered its crude reserves more than 10 years ago but the production has been repeatedly delayed by disagreements with field operators over taxes and the development process. Besides, the lack of existing transportation pipelines and refining infrastructure also played a significant role in holding up the country's projects.
According to Eurostat, the share of renewables in the European Union's (EU) gross final energy consumption hiked to 17.5% in 2017, up from 17% in 2016, which is more than twice the 2004 share of 8.5%. Compared with the previous year, it increased in 19 of the 28 Member States.
The Saudi Arabian government has outlined plans to reduce the domestic crude oil production to approximately 9.8 mb/d in March 2019, which is over 0.5 mb/d below its pledged production level of 10.3 mb/d agreed under the latest global supply cutting agreement between OPEC and non-OPEC producers. Besides, Saudi oil exports are slated to follow the same trend and will decrease to 6.9 mb/d.