New growth in CO2 emissions in the US.
After three years of emissions stagnation up to 2016, linked to weak economic growth, reductions in energy intensity and changes in the fuel mix, energy-related CO2 emissions grew by 2.1% in 2017 and by 1.9% in 2018. Almost all countries are contributing to the rise except Europe and Latin America, with rising emissions in China (+ 3.1%) despite its coal-to-gas switching policy, in India (+4.2%) and in Russia (+3.9%).
CO2 emissions grew by 3.1% in the United States driven by higher energy consumption partially driven by weather conditions
CO2 emissions contracted in the European Union (-2.1%) due to decreasing energy demand (such as in Germany), higher contribution of renewables for electricity generation and weather conditions (mild weather).
In Japan CO2 emissions continued to decline for the five consecutive year thanks to the increasing contribution of solar since 2016 and higher nuclear generation in 2018.
According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) of India, coal-fired power generation in India declined by around 2.5% in 2019, posting the first decrease in a decade. Meanwhile, the gas-fired power generation also declined by 4.5%. This decrease is explained by a broader economic slowdown reducing electricity demand and a higher competition from renewable power generation and from nuclear in a lesser extent (+6.3% in 2019).
According to WindEurope, Europe’s wind power capacity grew by 8% in 2019, thanks to the installation of 15.4 GW, and reached 205 GW at the end of the year. New installations are 27% higher than in 2018. However, this number needs to double to reach the objectives of the Green Deal. Over 3/4 of new installations were onshore wind (11.7 GW), and 1/4 offshore (3.6 GW). Four countries accounted for 55% of new wind installations: the United Kingdom (+2.4 GW, including almost 1.8 GW of offshore wind), Spain (+2.3 GW), Germany (+2.2 GW, half of which was offshore), and Sweden (+1.6 GW). France installed more than 1 GW of new wind capacity in 2019 (1.3 GW onshore) despite weathers conditions and delays in approvals slowing down constructions.
According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), new installations of wind power capacities in Africa and the Middle East slowed down in 2019, with only 894 MW installed in 2019, compared to 962 MW in 2018 (-7%). Leading countries were Egypt, which installed 262 MW of new capacity, followed by Morocco (216 MW), Jordan (190 MW), Ethiopia (120 MW) and Iran (50 MW).
According to the French power transmission system operator RTE, electricity consumption in France declined by 0.5% in 2019 (including climate corrections), reaching its lowest level in 10 years. This slight decrease is explained by efforts in terms of energy efficiency (in buildings and equipments), by the structural shift in economic activities (towards services activities), and by a slowdown in economic growth, especially at the end of year.