Continuous growth in India's CO2 emissions.
After three years of stagnation linked to weak economic growth, reductions in energy intensity and changes in the fuel mix, global CO2 emissions grew by 2.1% in 2017. CO2 emissions remained stable in the United States, in line with its energy consumption, but the strong economic growth pushed China’s coal consumption – and CO2 emissions – upward, despite its coal-to-gas switching policy that had maintained its emissions stable since 2014.
The global economic growth helped raise energy consumption and CO2 emissions in most countries, such as India, Russia, Japan, South Korea, Canada or Iran. Adverse hydropower conditions also contributed to the increase in Brazil and Europe (significant 1.9% increase in 2017 compared with a -1.9% average decrease in the past decade; emissions grew particularly in Turkey (higher use of coal), Germany, Spain, Poland and France but fell in the United Kingdom against higher renewable generation.
Conversely, CO2 emissions decreased in Mexico and in Ukraine, where coal consumption was cut by a higher nuclear generation.
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According to the German Federal Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt or UBA), renewable power production reached a new record in the first semester of 2018, with 117 TWh generated, which is 10% more than in the first half of 2017 (+10 TWh). Wind power plants generated 57 TWh, with 26 TWh from biomass and biogas waste installations, 24 TWh from solar PV units and 10 TWh from hydropower plants.
According to the World Nuclear Association latest performance report, global nuclear power generation grew for the fifth year in a row and reached 2,506 TWh (+1.2% from 2,477 TWh in 2016). At the end of 2017, the global nuclear capacity stood at 392 GWe spread across 448 reactors, which is 2 GWe more (+0.5%) than at the end of 2016.
The Algerian oil and gas company Sonatrach has announced a nine-year gas supply contract with Spain for 9 bcm/year. Algeria is intensifying commercial relations with Europe, as Gas Natural Fenosa renewed its gas supply agreement with Sonatrach until 2030 in June 2018. Sonatrach currently supplies around 9.8 bcm/year to Gas Natural Fenosa.
The German and Dutch power transmission network operators Amprion and TenneT will integrate the first circuit of the 380 kV interconnection line between Doetinchem in the Netherlands and Niederrhein in Germany into the CWE market on 25 August 2018. The interconnection capacity between the two countries will then increase by 750 MW, from 5 000 MW to 5,750 MW, and by another 750 MW to 6,500 MW when the second circuit goes live in November 2018.