New growth in CO2 emissions in the US.
After three years of emissions stagnation up to 2016, linked to weak economic growth, reductions in energy intensity and changes in the fuel mix, energy-related CO2 emissions grew by 2.1% in 2017 and by 1.9% in 2018. Almost all countries are contributing to the rise except Europe and Latin America, with rising emissions in China (+ 3.1%) despite its coal-to-gas switching policy, in India (+4.2%) and in Russia (+3.9%).
CO2 emissions grew by 3.1% in the United States driven by higher energy consumption partially driven by weather conditions
CO2 emissions contracted in the European Union (-2.1%) due to decreasing energy demand (such as in Germany), higher contribution of renewables for electricity generation and weather conditions (mild weather).
In Japan CO2 emissions continued to decline for the five consecutive year thanks to the increasing contribution of solar since 2016 and higher nuclear generation in 2018.
According to the Spanish power transmission system operator Red Eléctrica de España (REE), Spain added nearly 6.5 GW of new renewable power capacity in 2019 (6,456 MW), corresponding to a 13% increase in the renewable capacity. During 2019, 93 new solar PV power plants added 3,975 MW, while 86 new wind projects added 2,319 MW and 10 other renewable projects added 162 MW. Most of the new renewable capacity came from auctions held in 2017 (5,689 MW). This strong growth in the renewable capacity contributed to raise Spain's installed capacity by 5.6% at the end of 2019.
According to Eurostat, the share of renewable energy in the gross final energy consumption of the European Union (EU) rose from 17.5% in 2017 to 18% in 2018, progressing towards the target of 20% of renewable energy by 2020 and at least 32% by 2030.
According to the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP), Brazil’s oil production increased by 7.8% in 2019 to reach 1.018 Gbl (2.789 mb/d), including 634 mbl in pre-salt areas. Total gas production also increased significantly during 2019 (+9.5%).
According to preliminary data from the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s fossil fuel production continued to rise in 2019. China’s raw coal production increased by 4.2% in 2019, in line with the continuing of the supply-side structural reform. Coal imports also rose by 6.3%, benefiting from declining prices. The decline in crude oil production since 2015 reversed in 2019, as the major domestic oil fields had a stable production growth trend and crude oil production rose by 0.8%. In addition, crude oil imports rose by 9.5% and inputs to Chinese refineries rose by 7.6%. China's gas production soared by 9.8% in 2019, while imports rose by 6.9%. Finally, power generation increased by 3.5%.