| Global Energy Statistical Yearbook 2013


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Previous Yearbook

Crude oil exports from the Middle-East are stable in 2012

Year: 2012Unit: MtHighest ten
266.6
186.3
182.1
129.1
93.2
73.5
59.2
56.6
X1.9
Asian countries import almost twice as much crude oil as European countries

World energy consumption

The world energy consumption grew by 1.4% in 2012, falling below the average annual growth rate of 2.3% observed over the past decade. In this context of low growth, the BRICS increased their energy demand by 3.6%. China experienced a strong slowdown in its energy consumption growth +4% in 2012 vs. +8% in 2011), partly as a result of the slow progression of its coal consumption (+2.5% in 2012 vs 9.7% in 2011). India recorded the highest energy consumption increase in 2012 amongst BRICS countries with +5.1% (+5.7% in 2011) followed by Brazil (+4%) and South Africa (+1.9%). The Russian energy demand only increased by 0.9% mainly due to gas consumption drop.

Conversely, for the fourth year since 2008, the G7 countries’ energy demand shrunk; by 1.6% in 2012. Except for Germany and the UK, the five others countries reduced their energy consumption, with Italy recording the highest drop (-4.2%).

Weather conditions have a strong impact on energy consumption. The 2012 mild winter in North America enhanced the energy demand reduction in the USA, since under a normal climate the consumption would have been 1% higher. On the contrary, the cold 2012 winter in the European Union increased energy consumption, which would have been 1% lower during normal weather conditions.
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