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Decline in CO2 intensity of Annex I countries since 1990
World energy consumption
The world energy consumption grew by 1.4% in 2012, falling below the average annual growth rate of 2.3% observed over the past decade. In this context of low growth, the BRICS increased their energy demand by 3.6%. China experienced a strong slowdown in its energy consumption growth +4% in 2012 vs. +8% in 2011), partly as a result of the slow progression of its coal consumption (+2.5% in 2012 vs 9.7% in 2011). India recorded the highest energy consumption increase in 2012 amongst BRICS countries with +5.1% (+5.7% in 2011) followed by Brazil (+4%) and South Africa (+1.9%). The Russian energy demand only increased by 0.9% mainly due to gas consumption drop.
Conversely, for the fourth year since 2008, the G7 countries’ energy demand shrunk; by 1.6% in 2012. Except for Germany and the UK, the five others countries reduced their energy consumption, with Italy recording the highest drop (-4.2%).
Weather conditions have a strong impact on energy consumption. The 2012 mild winter in North America enhanced the energy demand reduction in the USA, since under a normal climate the consumption would have been 1% higher. On the contrary, the cold 2012 winter in the European Union increased energy consumption, which would have been 1% lower during normal weather conditions.